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Principal Investigator: Marcinek, David J.
Institute Receiving Award University Of Washington
Location Seattle, WA
Grant Number R01ES030319
Funding Organization National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Award Funding Period 15 Sep 2018 to 30 Jun 2024
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): ABSTRACT The proposal is based on a new exposure paradigm for seafood toxin domoic acid (DA) where we have identified significant learning deficits in a laboratory models associated with sub-clinical chronic DA exposure. This is significant because exposure risks to DA are increasing as harmful algal blooms continue to increase in magnitude, duration and geographic expanse due to warming ocean conditions. It is well known that DA is a potent excitotoxin with severe effects on the central nervous system leading to seizures and death with acute exposure in both human and wildlife seafood consumers. Laboratory studies and diagnostics of DA exposed marine mammals have further documented permanent impacts on cognitive, cardiac and renal systems. The human health risks of acute exposure have been minimized with the implementation of the current seafood regulatory limit of 20 ug DA/g seafood based on an acute reference dose (ARfD) for a single exposure designed to prevent seizures. However, the ARfD does not take into account subclinical effects, repetitive exposure, and effects of age on DA susceptibility. Recent seafood consumption studies by our team revealed that some recreational harvesters exceeded the ARfD and/or were chronically exposed to DA weekly for at least six consecutive months and that the majority of this group is over 60 years of age. Aging is the single greatest risk factor for multiple chronic diseases, including those affecting cognitive, cardiac, and renal function, all of which are also targets of DA toxicity. There is a critical need to understand how the interaction between DA exposure and aging contributes to the risk of chronic disease and toxin susceptibility as DA becomes more persistent in seafood resources. To address this knowledge gap in aims 1 & 2, we will test whether aging increases susceptibility to toxicity from acute symptomatic and chronic low-level asymptomatic DA exposures as well as persistence of toxic effects in young and old mice by quantifying tissue pathology and dysfunction in cognitive, cardiac and renal systems. Our preliminary data indicate that long-term low-level DA exposure affects mitochondrial function in these systems. In aim 3 we will test the hypothesis that mitochondrial oxidative stress underlies chronic DA toxicity in cognitive, cardiac and renal systems using a transgenic mouse model (mCAT) that overexpresses catalase, a key antioxidant enzyme in the mitochondria. Results from this study will unambiguously provide new mechanistic insights into how low level subclinical chronic exposures can affect healthspan and contribute to chronic disease as well as point to whether new mitochondrial targeted interventions may be effective at reducing DA exposure health risks.
Science Code(s)/Area of Science(s) Primary: 33 - Oceans and Human Health
Secondary: 03 - Carcinogenesis/Cell Transformation
Publications See publications associated with this Grant.
Program Officer Anika Dzierlenga