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Principal Investigator: Cory-Slechta, Deborah A
Institute Receiving Award University Of Rochester
Location Rochester, NY
Grant Number R35ES031689
Funding Organization National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Award Funding Period 01 Aug 2021 to 31 Jul 2029
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): ABSTRACT Numerous studies now report associations between air pollution (AP) exposure and neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs), including autism spectrum disorder, schizophrenia, and attention deficit disorder, all of which share numerous features. My studies of early postnatal (human 3rd trimester brain equivalent) inhalation exposures to concentrated ambient ultrafine (UFP, considered the most reactive component of AP) particles (CAPS) in mice produced numerous neuropathological and behavioral features of these NDDs and of their shared hypothesized mechanisms, including male bias, providing biological plausibility for the epidemiological studies. Additionally, CAPS exposures markedly elevated brain levels of metals and trace elements, including redox metals (Fe, Cu) as well as S, Ca, and Al, findings indicative of brain metal dyshomeostasis. This proposal seeks to test the overarching hypothesis that AP-induced brain metal dyshomeostasis contributes to male- biased NDD phenotypes via production of neuroinflammation and oxidative stress tested in a series of questions designed to accelerate the understanding of mechanisms, and translational relevance of such effects in 5 key integrated questions emanating from these novel, dramatic and unexpected findings: 1) Are toxic trace element contaminants of UFPs a source of CAPS-induced NDD phenotypic features, specifically elevated brain Fe and S (inhaled Fe nanoparticles and/or SO2) both of which are known neurotoxicants via ferroptotic and oxidative stress mechanisms? 2) What accounts for male bias in UFP-induced neurotoxicity? Does it reflect an earlier colonization of male brain by activated microglia and their interactions with Fe uptake? 3) What are the portals of entry of UFPs into brain? We utilize the precocial African spiny mouse with its extended gestational period relative to the altricial C57 mouse in which 3rd trimester occurs postnatally and can include nasal and olfactory uptake to determine whether the African spiny mouse might serve as a more relevant human model. 4) How does nanoparticle processing in brain subsequently influence/modulate toxicity and does it generate toxic or protective mechanisms e.g., alterations in the ferritin cage? 5) Does post-mortem brain tissue from humans that had been diagnosed with NDDs (Neurobiobank) contain exogenous metal nanoparticles as we see, e.g., with Fe located within damaged myelin in corpus callosum after CAPS? These integrated efforts will begin to elaborate mechanisms of AP-induced NDDs and associated sex differences, to define the most relevant mouse model, and to determine the need to regulate air metal levels for public health protection.
Science Code(s)/Area of Science(s) Primary: 61 - Neurodevelopmental
Secondary: 03 - Carcinogenesis/Cell Transformation
Publications See publications associated with this Grant.
Program Officer Cindy Lawler