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Title: MicroRNA-203 negatively regulates c-Abl, ERK1/2 phosphorylation, and proliferation in smooth muscle cells.

Authors: Liao, Guoning; Panettieri, Reynold A; Tang, Dale D

Published In Physiol Rep, (2015 Sep)

Abstract: The nonreceptor tyrosine kinase c-Abl has a role in regulating smooth muscle cell proliferation, which contributes to the development of airway remodeling in chronic asthma. MicroRNAs (miRs) are small noncoding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression by binding to complementary sequences in the 3' untranslated regions (3' UTR) of target mRNAs. Previous analysis suggests that miR-203 is able to bind to the 3' UTR of human c-Abl mRNA. In this report, treatment with miR-203 attenuated the expression of c-Abl mRNA and protein in human airway smooth muscle (HASM) cells. Furthermore, transfection with an miR-203 inhibitor enhanced the expression of c-Abl at mRNA and protein levels in HASM cells. Treatment with platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) induced the proliferation and ERK1/2 phosphorylation in HASM cells. Exposure to miR-203 attenuated the PDGF-stimulated proliferation and ERK1/2 phosphorylation in HASM cells. The expression of c-Abl at protein and mRNA levels was higher in asthmatic HASM cells, whereas the level of miR-203 was reduced in asthmatic HASM cells as compared to control HASM cells. Taken together, our present results suggest that miR-203 is a negative regulator of c-Abl expression in smooth muscle cells. miR-203 regulates smooth muscle cell proliferation by controlling c-Abl expression, which in turn modulates the activation of ERK1/2.

PubMed ID: 26400984 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication

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