Skip Navigation
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Your Environment. Your Health.

Publication Detail

Title: Current advances in intratumoral androgen metabolism in castration-resistant prostate cancer.

Authors: Penning, Trevor M; Tamae, Daniel

Published In Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes, (2016 Jun)

Abstract: Androgen deprivation therapy is a cornerstone in the treatment of advanced prostate cancer and has extended the lives of countless patients. Unfortunately, many of these patients eventually succumb to metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). The efficacy of abiraterone acetate (AA, Zytiga) and enzalutamide (Enza, Xtandi) in the mCRPC setting prove that these tumors remain androgen-driven. We review recent studies that have shown that intratumoral androgen biosynthesis plays a significant role in the ever-evolving mCRPC tumor and we discuss the therapeutic implications of these findings.A novel abiraterone metabolite, 17-(pyridin-3-yl)androsta-4,16-dien-3-one (D4A), possesses robust antitumor activity in rodent models via the inhibition of androgen biosynthetic enzymes and antagonism of the androgen receptor. The TMPRSS2 : ERG fusion drives aldo-keto reductase 1C3 (AKR1C3) expression and activity to facilitate androgen biosynthesis and activate the androgen receptor in prostate cancer. Intracrine androgen formation and AKR1C3 expression and activity have been found to confer resistance to enzalutamide.These studies highlight the significant role that intratumoral androgen biosynthesis plays in the mCRPC tumor. The therapeutic implications include the inhibition of AKR1C3 in tumors that become resistant to current drugs such as abiraterone acetate or Enza and the potential administration of D4A as an mCRPC therapeutic.

PubMed ID: 27119752 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Androgens/biosynthesis*; Humans; Male; Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant/metabolism*

to Top