Title: Serum amyloid A: an ozone-induced circulating factor with potentially important functions in the lung-brain axis.
Authors: Erickson, Michelle A; Jude, Joseph; Zhao, Hengjiang; Rhea, Elizabeth M; Salameh, Therese S; Jester, William; Pu, Shelley; Harrowitz, Jenna; Nguyen, Ngan; Banks, William A; Panettieri Jr, Reynold A; Jordan-Sciutto, Kelly L
Published In FASEB J, (2017 Sep)
Abstract: Accumulating evidence suggests that O3 exposure may contribute to CNS dysfunction. Here, we posit that inflammatory and acute-phase proteins in the circulation increase after O3 exposure and systemically convey signals of O3 exposure to the CNS. To model acute O3 exposure, female Balb/c mice were exposed to 3 ppm O3 or forced air for 2 h and were studied after 6 or 24 h. Of 23 cytokines and chemokines, only KC/CXCL1 was increased in blood 6 h after O3 exposure. The acute-phase protein serum amyloid A (A-SAA) was significantly increased by 24 h, whereas C-reactive protein was unchanged. A-SAA in blood correlated with total leukocytes, macrophages, and neutrophils in bronchoalveolar lavage from O3-exposed mice. A-SAA mRNA and protein were increased in the liver. We found that both isoforms of A-SAA completely crossed the intact blood-brain barrier, although the rate of SAA2.1 influx was approximately 5 times faster than that of SAA1.1. Finally, A-SAA protein, but not mRNA, was increased in the CNS 24 h post-O3 exposure. Our findings suggest that A-SAA is functionally linked to pulmonary inflammation in our O3 exposure model and that A-SAA could be an important systemic signal of O3 exposure to the CNS.-Erickson, M. A., Jude, J., Zhao, H., Rhea, E. M., Salameh, T. S., Jester, W., Pu, S., Harrowitz, J., Nguyen, N., Banks, W. A., Panettieri, R. A., Jr., Jordan-Sciutto, K. L. Serum amyloid A: an ozone-induced circulating factor with potentially important functions in the lung-brain axis.
PubMed ID: 28533327
MeSH Terms: Acute-Phase Proteins/genetics; Acute-Phase Proteins/metabolism; Animals; Brain Diseases/chemically induced*; Brain Diseases/metabolism; Cytokines/blood; Cytokines/genetics; Cytokines/metabolism; Female; Inflammation/blood; Inflammation/chemically induced*; Inflammation/metabolism; Liver/metabolism; Lung Diseases/chemically induced*; Mice; Mice, Inbred BALB C; Ozone/toxicity*; Serum Amyloid A Protein/metabolism*