Title: Analysis of Spatial Trends in Smoking Status Among Patients with Obstructive Airway Diseases Highlight Potential for Targeted Smoking Cessation Interventions.
Authors: Xie, Sherrie; Hubbard, Rebecca A; Himes, Blanca E
Published In AMIA Annu Symp Proc, (2019)
Abstract: Because chronic obstructive airway diseases like asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma-COPD overlap (ACO) increase individual susceptibility to the harmful effects of cigarettes, smoking cessation programs could strengthen their public health impact by targeting smokers with these conditions. We performed spatial analyses on data derived from the Electronic Health Records (EHRs) of 25,119 asthma, 3,323 COPD, and 3,620 ACO patients and a community-based health survey of 18,740 residents to identify regions in the Greater Philadelphia Area with a high density of current smokers among patients with obstructive airway diseases and the general population. We identified areas in North and West Philadelphia with high prevalence of current smokers across all patient groups and community members that should be prioritized in smoking cessation initiatives. Neighborhood deprivation, which was linked to patient data using residential geocodes, was associated with greater smoking prevalence in these regions.
PubMed ID: 32308923
MeSH Terms: Adult; Aged; Asthma*/complications; Electronic Health Records; Female; Geography, Medical; Health Surveys; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Philadelphia/epidemiology; Prevalence; Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive*/complications; Residence Characteristics*; Smoking Cessation*; Smoking/epidemiology*