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Publication Detail

Title: Use of biomass ash from different sources and processes in cement.

Authors: Maschowski, Christoph; Kruspan, Peter; Arif, Ali Talib; Garra, Patxi; Trouvé, Gwenaëlle; Gieré, Reto

Published In J Sustain Cem Based Mater, (2020)

Abstract: Substitution of cement clinker with suitable excess materials from other processes is an effective way to reduce CO2 emissions of cement production. Moreover, specific properties of the resulting mortar or concrete can be designed with different clinker replacement materials and their mixing ratios. In this study, bottom and fly ashes from six biomass power plants with different power scales and various flue-gas treatment strategies were admixed to mortars, whose properties (influence of water requirement and final compressive strength) were then assessed in the laboratory by following industrial standard procedures. Results reveal that fly ash from a cyclone of a medium-scale combustor burning Miscanthus straw amended with 2 wt % Ca(OH)2 (to prevent slagging during combustion) turned out to be well suited as a clinker replacement material, even boosting final compressive strength of the mortar. Wood-chip bottom ashes and fly ash from a cyclone exhibited acceptable results, whereas fly ash from electrostatic precipitators (ESPs) and baghouse filters lowered final compressive strength of the mortar when admixed. The scale of the power plant is positively correlated with final compressive strength in the case of ESPs. Cenospheres, typical fly ash particles present in cyclone ash, seem to have a positive effect on water-to-binder ratio and final compressive strength. In contrast, potassium salts, which are most abundant in ash from ESPs and baghouse filters, appear to have a negative influence on these properties. Grinding of the biomass ashes to a typical Portland cement fineness had a positive effect on mortar quality. All fly ashes had high contents of Cd, and baghouse filter ash contained As in amounts about four times the Swiss limit value for cement of 30 ppm; only bottom ash and cyclone ash from Miscanthus exhibited concentrations below respective limit values for all critical trace elements. To assess the immobilization potential of contaminating elements during the cement hardening process, blended mortars were crushed and subjected to multistep leaching, followed by subsequent analysis of the leachates by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Immobilization of Cd by the mortar was particularly effective. Our results indicate that fly ash from wood-chip combustion is most suitable as an amendment to cement when it was trapped by a cyclone rather than by the ESPs or baghouse filters.

PubMed ID: 34136311 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication

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