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Publication Detail

Title: TargetTox: A Feature Selection Pipeline for Identifying Predictive Targets Associated with Drug Toxicity.

Authors: Hao, Yun; Moore, Jason H

Published In J Chem Inf Model, (2021 11 22)

Abstract: In silico assessment of drug toxicity is becoming a critical step in drug development. Conventional ligand-based models are limited by low accuracy and lack of interpretability. Further, they often fail to explain cellular mechanisms underlying structure-toxicity associations. We addressed these limitations by incorporating target profile as an intermediate connecting structure to toxicity. To accommodate for high-dimensional feature space, we developed a pipeline named TargetTox that can identity a subset of predictive features. We implemented TargetTox to study 569 targets and 815 adverse events. The features identified by TargetTox comprise less than 10% of the original feature space; nevertheless, they accurately predicted binding outcomes for 377 targets and toxicity outcomes for 36 adverse events. We demonstrated that predictive targets tend to be differentially expressed in the tissue of toxicity. We also rediscovered key cellular functions associated with cardiotoxicity from the predictive targets, as well as markers of skin and liver diseases. Furthermore, we found evidence supporting diagnostic and therapeutic applications of some predictive targets in hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. Our findings highlighted the critical role of predictive targets in cellular mechanisms leading to toxicity. In general, our study improved the interpretability of toxicity prediction without sacrificing accuracy. Our novel pipeline may benefit future studies of high-dimensional data sets.

PubMed ID: 34757743 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Biomarkers; Computer Simulation; Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions*; Humans

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