Title: Impact of Individual versus Geographic-Area Measures of Socioeconomic Status on Health Associations Observed in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.
Authors: Leszinsky, Lena; Xie, Sherrie; Diwadkar, Avantika; Greenblatt, Rebecca E; Hubbard, Rebecca A; Himes, Blanca E
Published In AMIA Annu Symp Proc, (2020)
Abstract: Efforts to enhance Electronic Health Record (EHR) data for the study of conditions in which social and economic variables play a prominent role include linking clinical data to sources of external information via patient-specific geocodes. This approach is convenient, but whether geographic-area-level information from secondary sources is adequate as a surrogate of individual-level information is not fully understood. We used Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) epidemiologic data to compare associations of individual income, median aggregate income, and Area Deprivation Index (ADI)-a validated score of U.S. socioeconomic deprivation-with various health outcomes. Median income and ADI assigned according to respondent area of residence were significantly associated with various health outcomes, but with substantially lower effect sizes than those of individual income. Our results show the limited ability of median income and ADI at the level of metropolitan/micropolitan statistical areas versus individual income for use as measures of socioeconomic status.
PubMed ID: 33936445
MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication