Title: Improving QSAR Modeling for Predictive Toxicology using Publicly Aggregated Semantic Graph Data and Graph Neural Networks.
Authors: Romano, Joseph D; Hao, Yun; Moore, Jason H
Published In Pac Symp Biocomput, (2022)
Abstract: Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (QSAR) modeling is a common computational technique for predicting chemical toxicity, but a lack of new methodological innovations has impeded QSAR performance on many tasks. We show that contemporary QSAR modeling for predictive toxicology can be substantially improved by incorporating semantic graph data aggregated from open-access public databases, and analyzing those data in the context of graph neural networks (GNNs). Furthermore, we introspect the GNNs to demonstrate how they can lead to more interpretable applications of QSAR, and use ablation analysis to explore the contribution of different data elements to the final models' performance.
PubMed ID: 34890148
MeSH Terms: Computational Biology; Databases, Factual; Humans; Neural Networks, Computer; Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship*; Semantics*