Title: HILIC-MS/MS for the Determination of Methylated Adenine Nucleosides in Human Urine.
Authors: Guo, Cheng; Hu, Yiqiu; Cao, Xiaoji; Wang, Yinsheng
Published In Anal Chem, (2021 12 28)
Abstract: N6-methyl-2'-deoxyadenosine (m6dA) is a newly discovered DNA epigenetic mark in mammals. N6-methyladenosine (m6A), 2'-O-methyladenosine (Am), N6,2'-O-dimethyladenosine (m6Am), and N6,N6-dimethyladenosine (m62A) are common RNA modifications. Previous studies illustrated the associations between the aberrations of these methylated adenosines in nucleic acids and cancer. Herein, we developed Fe3O4/graphene-based magnetic dispersive solid-phase extraction for the enrichment and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HILIC-MS/MS) for the measurements of m6dA, m6A, Am, m6Am, and m62A in human urine samples. We found that malic acid could improve the HILIC-based separation of these modified nucleosides and markedly enhance the sensitivity of their MS detection. With this method, we accurately quantified the contents of these modified adenine nucleosides in urine samples collected from gastric and colorectal cancer patients as well as healthy controls. We found that, relative to healthy controls, urinary m6dA and Am levels are significantly lower for gastric and colorectal cancer patients; while gastric cancer patients also exhibited lower levels of urinary m6A, the trend was opposite for colorectal cancer patients. Together, we developed a robust analytical method for simultaneous measurements of five methylated adenine nucleosides in human urine, and our results revealed an association between the levels of urinary methylated adenine nucleosides and the occurrence of gastric as well as colorectal cancers, suggesting the potential applications of these modified nucleosides as biomarkers for the early detection of these cancers.
PubMed ID: 34902250
MeSH Terms: Adenine; Animals; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Chromatography, Liquid; Humans; Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions; Nucleosides*; Tandem Mass Spectrometry*