Title: Machine Learning Models for Mycobacterium tuberculosis In Vitro Activity: Prediction and Target Visualization.
Authors: Lane, Thomas R; Urbina, Fabio; Rank, Laura; Gerlach, Jacob; Riabova, Olga; Lepioshkin, Alexander; Kazakova, Elena; Vocat, Anthony; Tkachenko, Valery; Cole, Stewart; Makarov, Vadim; Ekins, Sean
Published In Mol Pharm, (2022 02 07)
Abstract: Tuberculosis (TB) is a major global health challenge, with approximately 1.4 million deaths per year. There is still a need to develop novel treatments for patients infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). There have been many large-scale phenotypic screens that have led to the identification of thousands of new compounds. Yet, there is very limited investment in TB drug discovery which points to the need for new methods to increase the efficiency of drug discovery against Mtb. We have used machine learning approaches to learn from the public Mtb data, resulting in many data sets and models with robust enrichment and hit rates leading to the discovery of new active compounds. Recently, we have curated predominantly small-molecule Mtb data and developed new machine learning classification models with 18 886 molecules at different activity cutoffs. We now describe the further validation of these Bayesian models using a library of over 1000 molecules synthesized as part of EU-funded New Medicines for TB and More Medicines for TB programs. We highlight molecular features which are enriched in these active compounds. In addition, we provide new regression and classification models that can be used for scoring compound libraries or used to design new molecules. We have also visualized these molecules in the context of known molecular targets and identified clusters in chemical property space, which may aid in future target identification efforts. Finally, we are also making these data sets publicly available, representing a significant increase to the available Mtb inhibition data in the public domain.
PubMed ID: 34964633
MeSH Terms: Antitubercular Agents/chemistry; Bayes Theorem; Humans; Machine Learning; Mycobacterium tuberculosis*; Tuberculosis*/drug therapy