Title: STopTox: An in Silico Alternative to Animal Testing for Acute Systemic and Topical Toxicity.
Authors: Borba, Joyce V B; Alves, Vinicius M; Braga, Rodolpho C; Korn, Daniel R; Overdahl, Kirsten; Silva, Arthur C; Hall, Steven U S; Overdahl, Erik; Kleinstreuer, Nicole; Strickland, Judy; Allen, David; Andrade, Carolina Horta; Muratov, Eugene N; Tropsha, Alexander
Published In Environ Health Perspect, (2022 02)
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Modern chemical toxicology is facing a growing need to Reduce, Refine, and Replace animal tests (Russell 1959) for hazard identification. The most common type of animal assays for acute toxicity assessment of chemicals used as pesticides, pharmaceuticals, or in cosmetic products is known as a "6-pack" battery of tests, including three topical (skin sensitization, skin irritation and corrosion, and eye irritation and corrosion) and three systemic (acute oral toxicity, acute inhalation toxicity, and acute dermal toxicity) end points. METHODS: We compiled, curated, and integrated, to the best of our knowledge, the largest publicly available data sets and developed an ensemble of quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models for all six end points. All models were validated according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) QSAR principles, using data on compounds not included in the training sets. RESULTS: In addition to high internal accuracy assessed by cross-validation, all models demonstrated an external correct classification rate ranging from 70% to 77%. We established a publicly accessible Systemic and Topical chemical Toxicity (STopTox) web portal (https://stoptox.mml.unc.edu/) integrating all developed models for 6-pack assays. CONCLUSIONS: We developed STopTox, a comprehensive collection of computational models that can be used as an alternative to in vivo 6-pack tests for predicting the toxicity hazard of small organic molecules. Models were established following the best practices for the development and validation of QSAR models. Scientists and regulators can use the STopTox portal to identify putative toxicants or nontoxicants in chemical libraries of interest. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP9341.
PubMed ID: 35192406
MeSH Terms: Animal Testing Alternatives*; Animals; Computer Simulation*; Cosmetics/toxicity; Hazardous Substances*/toxicity; Pesticides/toxicity; Pharmaceutical Preparations; Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship