Skip Navigation
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Internet Explorer is no longer a supported browser.

This website may not display properly with Internet Explorer. For the best experience, please use a more recent browser such as the latest versions of Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, and/or Mozilla Firefox. Thank you.

Your Environment. Your Health.

Progress Reports: University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill: Development and Application of Biomarkers of Exposure

Superfund Research Program

Development and Application of Biomarkers of Exposure

Project Leader: Stephen M. Rappaport (University of California-Berkeley)
Grant Number: P42ES005948
Funding Period: 1995 - 2011

Learn More About the Grantee

Visit the grantee's eNewsletter page Visit the grantee's Twitter page Visit the grantee's Video page

Progress Reports

Year:   2009  2008  2007  2006  2005  2004  2003  2002  2001  2000  1999  1998  1997  1996  1995 

This project has produced further evidence that benzene oxide (BO) is a major binding species resulting from metabolism of benzene both in rats and humans. Project scientists have also confirmed that S-phenylcysteine, isolated from proteins in benzene exposed animals and humans, did indeed arise from reaction of BO with cysteinyl residues of the proteins. The investigators have shown that adducts of BO with the blood proteins, hemoglobin and albumin, were both related to benzene exposures among heavily exposed Chinese workers as were albumin (but not hemoglobin) adducts of 1,4-benzoquinone, another benzene metabolite. These latter findings arose from a collaboration with Dr. Nathaniel Rothman of the National Cancer Institute, who is conducting a major epidemiological investigation of benzene-exposed workers in China. This project has also confirmed that rodent microsomes do indeed produce chlorinated 1,2- and 1,4-quinone metabolites of pentachlorophenol and that peroxidase plus H2O2 leads to chlorinated semiquinone intermediates of these quinones. Finally, this project has shown that a simple self-administered test kit can be used to explore relationships between benzene exposure and breath levels of benzene in populations exposed to gasoline and jet fuels.

to Top