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Your Environment. Your Health.

Person Details: Howard Hu

Superfund Research Program

Howard Hu

Harvard School of Public Health
665 Huntington Avenue
Occupational Health Program, Room 1-1402
Boston, Massachusetts 02115
Phone: 617-525-2736
Fax: 617-525-0362
Email: howard.hu@channing.harvard.edu

Projects

Research Briefs

Publications

2019

  • Xu J, Hu H, Wright RJ, Schnaas L, Bellinger DC, Park S, Wright RO, Tellez-Rojo M. 2019. Prenatal lead exposure modifies the association of maternal self-esteem with child adaptive ability. Int J Hyg Environ Health 222(1):68-75. doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2018.08.005 PMID:30146178

2018

  • Pantic I, Tamayo-Ortiz M, Rosa-Parra A, Bautista-Arredondo L, Wright RO, Peterson KE, Schnaas L, Rothenberg SJ, Hu H, Tellez-Rojo MM. 2018. Childrens blood lead concentrations from 1988 to 2015 in Mexico City: the contribution of lead in air and traditional lead-glazed ceramics. Int J Environ Res Public Health 15(10):2153. doi:10.3390/ijerph15102153 PMID:30274368

2015

2014

  • Ettinger AS, Lamadrid-Figueroa H, Mercado-Garcia A, Kordas K, Wood RJ, Peterson KE, Hu H, Hernandez-Avila M, Tellez-Rojo MM. 2014. Effect of calcium supplementation on bone resorption in pregnancy and the early postpartum: a randomized controlled trial in Mexican women. Nutr J 13(1):116. doi:10.1186/1475-2891-13-116 PMID:25511814 PMCID:PMC4289552
  • Ettinger AS, Roy A, Amarasiriwardena CJ, Smith D, Lupoli N, Mercado-Garcia A, Lamadrid-Figueroa H, Tellez-Rojo MM, Hu H, Hernandez-Avila M. 2014. Maternal blood, plasma, and breast milk lead: lactational transfer and contribution to infant exposure. Environ Health Perspect 122:87-92. doi:10.1289/ehp.1307187 PMID:24184948 PMCID:PMC3888576

2013

  • Amarasiriwardena CJ, Jayawardene I, Lupoli N, Barnes RM, Hernandez-Avila M, Hu H, Ettinger AS. 2013. Comparison of digestion procedures and methods for quantification of trace lead in breast milk by isotope dilution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Analytical Methods 5:1676-1681. doi:10.1039/c3ay26321e PMID:24808927 PMCID:PMC4010228
  • Grashow R, Spiro, III A, Taylor KM, Newton K, Shrairman R, Landau A, Sparrow D, Hu H, Weisskopf MG. 2013. Cumulative lead exposure in community-dwelling adults and fine motor function: Comparing standard and novel tasks in the VA Normative Aging Study. Neurotoxicology 35:154-161. doi:10.1016/j.neuro.2013.01.005 PMID:23370289 PMCID:PMC3602137

2011

  • Afeiche M, Peterson KE, Sanchez BN, Cantonwine DE, Lamadrid-Figueroa H, Schnaas L, Ettinger AS, Hernandez-Avila M, Hu H, Tellez-Rojo MM. 2011. Prenatal lead exposure and weight of 0-to 5-year-old children in Mexico City. Environ Health Perspect 119:1436-1441. doi:10.1289/ehp.1003184 PMID:21715242 PMCID:PMC3230436
  • Claus Henn B, Kim J, Wessling-Resnick M, Tellez-Rojo MM, Jayawardene I, Ettinger AS, Hernandez-Avila M, Schwartz J, Christiani DC, Hu H, Wright RO. 2011. Associations of iron metabolism genes with blood manganese levels: a population-based study with validation data from animal models. Environ Health 10(1):97. doi:10.1186/1476-069X-10-97 PMID:22074419 PMCID:PMC3248860
  • Claus Henn B, Wright RO, Schnaas L, Ettinger AS, Schwartz J, Lamadrid-Figueroa H, Hernandez-Avila M, Amarasiriwardena CJ, Hu H, Bellinger DC, Tellez-Rojo MM. 2011. Associations of early childhood manganese and lead coexposure with neurodevelopment. Environ Health Perspect 120:126-131. doi:10.1289/ehp.1003300 PMID:21885384 PMCID:PMC3261931
  • Eum K, Nie LH, Schwartz J, Vokonas PS, Sparrow D, Hu H, Weisskopf MG. 2011. Prospective cohort study of lead exposure and electrocardiographic conduction disturbances in the Department of Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study. Environ Health Perspect 119:940-944. doi:10.1289/ehp.1003279 PMID:21414889 PMCID:PMC3223010
  • Palaniappan K, Roy A, Balakrishnan K, Gopalakrishnan L, Mukherjee B, Hu H, Bellinger DC. 2011. Lead exposure and visual-motor abilities in children from Chennai, India. Neurotoxicology 32:465-470. doi:10.1016/j.neuro.2011.03.011 PMID:21510976 PMCID:PMC3115626
  • Peters J, Kubzansky LD, Ikeda A, Spiro, III A, Wright RO, Weisskopf MG, Kim D, Sparrow D, Nie LH, Hu H, Schwartz J. 2011. Childhood and adult socioeconomic position, cumulative lead levels, and pessimism in later life: the VA Normative Aging Study. Am J Epidemiol 174:1345-1353. doi:10.1093/aje/kwr269 PMID:22071587 PMCID:PMC3276297
  • Peters JL, Kubzansky LD, Ikeda A, Fang SC, Sparrow D, Weisskopf MG, Wright RO, Vokonas PS, Hu H, Schwartz J. 2011. Lead concentrations in relation to multiple biomarkers of cardiovascular disease: the Normative Aging Study. Environ Health Perspect 120:361-366. doi:10.1289/ehp.1103467 PMID:22142875 PMCID:PMC3295335
  • Roy A, Hu H, Bellinger DC, Mukherjee B, Modali R, Nasaruddin K, Schwartz J, Wright RO, Ettinger AS, Palaniapan K, Balakrishnan K. 2011. Hemoglobin, lead exposure, and intelligence quotient: effect modification by the DRD2 Taq IA polymorphism. Environ Health Perspect 119(1):144-149. doi:10.1289/ehp.0901878 PMID:21205584 PMCID:PMC3018494

2010

  • Claus Henn B, Ettinger AS, Schwartz J, Tellez-Rojo MM, Lamadrid-Figueroa H, Hernandez-Avila M, Schnaas L, Amarasiriwardena CJ, Bellinger DC, Hu H, Wright RO. 2010. Early postnatal blood manganese levels and children's neurodevelopment. Epidemiology 21(4):433-439. doi:10.1097/EDE.0b013e3181df8e52 PMID:20549838 PMCID:PMC3127440

2009

  • Ettinger AS, Lamadrid-Figueroa H, Tellez-Rojo MM, Mercado-Garcia A, Peterson KE, Schwartz J, Hu H, Hernandez-Avila M. 2009. Effect of calcium supplementation on blood lead levels in pregnancy: a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Environ Health Perspect 117(1):26-31. doi:10.1289/ehp.11868 PMID:19165383 PMCID:PMC2627861
  • Ettinger AS, Schwartz J, Hu H, Wright RO, Zota AR, Bouchard MF, Amarasiriwardena CJ. 2009. Maternal blood manganese levels and infant birth weight. Epidemiology 20(3):367-373. doi:10.1097/EDE.0b013e31819b93c0 PMID:19289966 PMCID:PMC3113478
  • Ettinger AS, Zota AR, Amarasiriwardena CJ, Hopkins MR, Schwartz J, Hu H, Wright RO. 2009. Maternal arsenic exposure and impaired glucose tolerance during pregnancy. Environ Health Perspect 117(7):1059-1064. doi:10.1289/ehp0800533 PMID:19654913 PMCID:PMC2717130
  • Park SK, Hu H, Wright RO, Schwartz J, Cheng Y, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Weisskopf MG. 2009. Iron metabolism genes, low-level lead exposure, and QT interval. Environ Health Perspect 117(1):80-85. doi:10.1289/ehp.11559 PMID:19165391 PMCID:PMC2627870
  • Park SK, Tucker KL, O'Neill MS, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Hu H, Schwartz J. 2009. Fruit, vegetable, and fish consumption and heart rate variability: the Veterans Administration Normative Aging Study. Am J Clin Nutr 89(3):778-786. doi:10.3945/ajcn.2008.26849 PMID:19158214 PMCID:PMC2714396
  • Roy A, Hu H, Bellinger DC, Palaniapan K, Wright RO, Schwartz J, Balakrishnan K. 2009. Predictors of blood lead in children in Chennai, India (2005-2006). Int J Occup Environ Health 15(4):351-9. PMID:19886345

2008

  • Ettinger AS, Hernandez-Avila M, Schwartz J, Tellez-Rojo MM, Lamadrid-Figueroa H, Bellinger DC, Hu H, Wright RO, Hopkins MR. 2008. Variants in iron metabolism genes predict higher blood lead levels in young children. Environ Health Perspect 116(9):1261-1266. doi:10.1289/ehp.11233 PMID:18795173 PMCID:PMC2535632
  • Rajan P, Kelsey KT, Schwartz J, Bellinger DC, Weuve J, Spiro, III A, Sparrow D, Smith TJ, Nie H, Weisskopf MG, Hu H, Wright RO. 2008. Interaction of the delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase polymorphism and lead burden on cognitive function: the VA normative aging study. J Occup Environ Med 50(9):1053-1061. doi:10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181792463 PMID:18784554 PMCID:PMC3664949
  • Surkan PJ, Schnaas L, Wright RJ, Tellez-Rojo MM, Lamadrid-Figueroa H, Hu H, Hernandez-Avila M, Bellinger DC, Schwartz J, Perroni E, Wright RO. 2008. Maternal self-esteem, exposure to lead, and child neurodevelopment. Neurotoxicology 29(2):278-285. doi:10.1016/j.neuro.2007.11.006 PMID:18261800 PMCID:PMC2495770

2007

  • Perlstein T, Weuve J, Schwartz J, Sparrow D, Wright RO, Litonjua A, Nie H, Hu H. 2007. Cumulative community-level lead exposure and pulse pressure: the normative aging study. Environ Health Perspect 115(12):1696-1700. doi:10.1289/ehp.10350 PMID:18087585 PMCID:PMC2137129
  • Schwartz J, Wright RO, Hu H. 2007. Lead levels and ischemic heart disease in a prospective study of middle-aged and elderly men: the VA normative aging study. Environ Health Perspect 115(6):871-5. PMID:17589593
  • Weisskopf MG, Proctor SP, Wright RO, Schwartz J, Spiro, III A, Sparrow D, Nie H, Hu H. 2007. Cumulative lead exposure and cognitive performance among elderly men. Epidemiology 18(1):59-66. PMID:17130688

2006

  • Lamadrid-Figueroa H, Tellez-Rojo MM, Hernandez-Cadena L, Mercado-Garcia A, Smith D, Solano-Gonzalez M, Hernandez-Avila M, Hu H. 2006. Biological markers of fetal lead exposure at each stage of pregnancy. J Toxicol Environ Health A 69(19):1781-1796. doi:10.1080/15287390600630195 PMID:16905508
  • Park SK, Schwartz J, Weisskopf MG, Vokonas PS, Wright RO, Coull BA, Nie H, Hu H. 2006. Low-level lead exposure, metabolic syndrome, and heart rate variability: the VA Normative Aging Study. Environ Health Perspect 114(11):1718-24. PMID:17107858
  • Weuve J, Kelsey KT, Schwartz J, Bellinger DC, Wright RO, Rajan P, Spiro, III A, Sparrow D, Aro A, Hu H. 2006. Delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase polymorphism and the relation between low level lead exposure and the Mini-Mental Status Examination in older men: the Normative Aging Study. Occup Environ Med 63(11):746-753. PMID:16757504

2005

  • Farias P, Echavarria M, Hernandez-Avila M, Villanueva C, Amarasiriwardena CJ, Hernandez L, Aro A, Hu H. 2005. Bone, blood and semen lead in men with environmental and moderate occupational exposure. Salud Publica Mexicana 15(1):21-31. PMID:16028333
  • Thurston SW, Hauser R, Hu H, Williams PL, Spiegelman D. 2005. A comparison of regression calibration approaches for designs with internal validation data. Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference 131(1):175-190.

2004

  • Ettinger AS, Tellez-Rojo MM, Amarasiriwardena CJ, Bellinger DC, Peterson KE, Schwartz J, Hu H, Hernandez-Avila M. 2004. Effect of breast milk lead on infant blood lead levels at 1 month of age. Environ Health Perspect 112(14):1381-1385. PMID:15471729
  • Ettinger AS, Tellez-Rojo MM, Amarasiriwardena CJ, Gonzalez-Cossio T, Peterson KE, Aro A, Hu H, Hernandez-Avila M. 2004. Levels of lead in breast milk and their relation to maternal blood and bone lead levels at one month postpartum. Environ Health Perspect 112(8):926-931. PMID:15175184
  • Juarez-Perez CA, Aguilar-Madrid G, Smith DR, Lacasana-Navarro M, Tellez-Rojo MM, Piacitelli GM, Hu H, Hernandez-Avila M. 2004. Predictors of plasma lead among lithographic print shop workers in Mexico City. Am J Ind Med 46(3):245-252. PMID:15307123
  • Tellez-Rojo MM, Hernandez-Avila M, Smith DR, Lamadrid-Figueroa H, Hernandez-Cadena L, Mercado-Garcia A, Aro A, Schwartz J, Hu H. 2004. Impact of bone lead and bone resorption on plasma and whole blood lead levels during pregnancy. Am J Epidemiol 160(7):668-678. doi:10.1093/aje/kwh271 PMID:15383411
  • Weisskopf MG, Hu H, Mulkern RV, Wright RO, Aro A, Oliveira S, White RF. 2004. Cognitive deficits and magnetic resonance spectroscopy in adult monozygotic twins with lead poisoning. Environ Health Perspect 112(5):620-625. PMID:15064171
  • Weisskopf MG, Wright RO, Schwartz J, Spiro, III A, Sparrow D, Aro A, Hu H. 2004. Cumulative lead exposure and change in cognition among elderly men: the VA Normative Aging Study. Am J Epidemiol 15(4):S147-S147.
  • Wright RO, Silverman EK, Schwartz J, Tsaih ST, Senter J, Sparrow D, Weiss ST, Aro A, Hu H. 2004. Association between hemochromatosis genotype and lead exposure among elderly men: the normative aging study. Environ Health Perspect 112(6):746-750. PMID:15121519

2003

  • Guerra-Tamayo JL, Hernandez-Cadena L, Tellez-Rojo MM, Mercado-Garcia A, Solano-Gonzalez M, Hernandez-Avila M, Hu H. 2003. Time to pregnancy and lead exposure. Salud Publica Mexicana 45:S189-S195Suppl.2. PMID:14750500
  • Hernandez-Avila M, Gonzalez-Cossio T, Hernandez-Avila JE, Romieu I, Peterson KE, Aro A, Palazuelos E, Hu H. 2003. Dietary calcium supplements to lower blood lead levels in lactating women: a randomized placebo-controlled trial. Epidemiology 14(2):206-212. doi:10.1097/01.EDE.0000038520.66094.34 PMID:12606887
  • Janakiraman V, Ettinger AS, Mercado-Garcia A, Hu H, Hernandez-Avila M. 2003. Calcium supplements and bone resorption in pregnancy - a randomized crossover trial. Am J Prev Med 24(3):260-264. PMID:12657345
  • Tsaih S, Schwartz J, Wright RO, Hu H. 2003. Association between iron deficiency and blood lead level in a longitudinal analysis of children followed in an urban primary care clinic. J Pediatr 142(1):9-14. doi:10.1067/mpd.2003.mpd0344 PMID:12520247
  • Wright RO, Hu H, Silverman EK, Tsaih S, Schwartz J, Bellinger DC, Weiss ST, Palazuelos E, Hernandez-Avila M. 2003. Apolipoprotein E genotype predicts 24-month Bayley scales infant development score. Pediatric Research 54(6):819-825. PMID:12930912

2002

  • Dykeman R, Aguilar-Madrid G, Smith TJ, Juarez-Perez CA, Piacitelli GM, Hu H, Hernandez-Avila M. 2002. Lead exposure in Mexican radiator repair workers. Am J Ind Med 41(3):179-187. doi:10.1002/ajim.10044 PMID:11920962
  • Gomaa A, Hu H, Bellinger DC, Schwartz J, Schnaas L, Gonzalez-Cossio T, Peterson KE, Aro A, Hernandez-Avila M. 2002. Maternal bone lead as an independent risk factor for fetal neurotoxicity: a prospective study. Pediatrics 110:110-118. PMID:12093955
  • Hernandez-Avila M, Peterson KE, Gonzalez-Cossio T, Sanin L, Aro A, Schnaas L, Hu H. 2002. Effect of maternal bone lead on length and head circumference of newborns and 1-month-old infants. Arch Environ Health 57(5):482-488. doi:10.1080/00039890209601441 PMID:12641193
  • Hu H. 2002. Progress in research on lead toxicity research: peeling the onion. Biomedicine 21(2&3):1-17.
  • Hu H, Hernandez-Avila M. 2002. Invited commentary: lead, bones, women, and pregnancy--the poison within?. Am J Epidemiol 156(12):1088-1091. PMID:12480652
  • Korrick SA, Schwartz J, Tsaih S, Hunter DJ, Aro A, Rosner B, Speizer FE, Hu H. 2002. Correlates of bone and blood lead levels among middle-aged and elderly women. Am J Epidemiol 156:335-343. PMID:12181103
  • Smith DR, Hernandez-Avila M, Tellez-Rojo MM, Mercado-Garcia A, Hu H. 2002. The relationship between lead in plasma and whole blood in women. Environ Health Perspect 110:263-268. PMID:11882477
  • Tellez-Rojo MM, Hernandez-Avila M, Gonzalez-Cossio T, Romieu I, Aro A, Palazuelos E, Schwartz J, Hu H. 2002. The impact of breastfeeding on the mobilization of lead from bone. Am J Epidemiol 155(5):420-428. PMID:11867353

2001

  • Cheng YW, Schwartz J, Sparrow D, Aro A, Weiss ST, Hu H. 2001. Bone lead and blood lead levels in relation to baseline blood pressure and the prospective development of hypertension: The Normative Aging Study. Am J Epidemiol 153(2):164-171. PMID:11159162
  • Chuang H, Schwartz J, Gonzales-Cossio T, Lugo MC, Palazuelos E, Aro A, Hu H, Hernandez-Avila M. 2001. Interrelations of lead levels in bone, venous blood, and umbilical cord blood with exogenous lead exposure through maternal plasma lead in peripartum women. Environ Health Perspect 109(5):527-532. PMID:11401766
  • Potula V, Hegarty-Steck M, Hu H. 2001. Blood lead levels in relation to paint and dust lead levels: the lead-safe cambridge program. Am J Public Health 91:1973-1974. PMID:11726378
  • Sanin L, Gonzalez-Cossio T, Romieu I, Peterson KE, Ruiz S, Hernandez-Avila M, Hu H. 2001. Effect of maternal lead burden on infant weight and weight gain at one month of age among breastfed infants. Pediatrics 107(5):1016-1023. PMID:11331680
  • Tsaih S, Korrick SA, Schwartz J, Lee M, Amarasiriwardena CJ, Aro A, Sparrow D, Hu H. 2001. Influence of bone resorption on the mobilization of lead from bone among middle-aged and elderly men: the Normative Aging Study. Environ Health Perspect 109(10):995-999. PMID:11675263 PMCID:PMC1242074

2000

  • Aro A, Amarasiriwardena CJ, Lee ML, Kim R, Hu H. 2000. Validation of K x-ray fluorescence bone lead measurements by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry in cadaver legs. Medical Physics 27:119-123. PMID:10659745
  • Brown MJ, Hu H, Gonzalez-Cossio T, Peterson KE, Sanin L, Fishbein E, Palazuelos E, Aro A, Schnaas L, Hernandez-Avila M. 2000. Determinants of bone and blood lead concentrations in the early postpartum period. J Occup Environ Med 57:535-541. PMID:10896960
  • Hernandez-Avila M, Villalpando CG, Palazuelos E, Hu H, Villalpando ME, Martinez R. 2000. Determinants of blood lead levels across the menopausal transition. Arch Environ Health 55(5):355-360. doi:10.1080/00039890009604028 PMID:11063411
  • Hoppin JA, Aro A, Hu H, Ryan PB. 2000. Measurement variability associated with KXRF bone lead measurement in young adults. Environ Health Perspect 108(3):239-242. PMID:10706530 PMCID:PMC1637955
  • Shadick NA, Kim R, Weiss ST, Liang MH, Sparrow D, Hu H. 2000. The effect of low-level lead exposure on hyperuricemia and gout among middle-aged and elderly men: the normative aging study. Journal of Rheumatology 27(7):1708-1712. PMID:10914856
  • Vig EK, Hu H. 2000. Lead toxicity in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc 48(11):1501-1506. PMID:11083332
  • Wu MT, Demple B, Bennett RA, Christiani DC, Fan R, Hu H. 2000. Individual variability in the zinc inducibility of metallothionein-IIA mRNA in human lymphocytes. J Toxicol Environ Health A 61(7):553-567. PMID:11127411

1999

  • Aguilar-Madrid G, Piacitelli GM, Juarez-Perez CA, Vasquez-Gramiex JH, Hu H, Hernandez-Avila M. 1999. Occupational exposure to inorganic lead in a printing plant in Mexico City. Salud Publica Mexicana 41:42-54. PMID:10081333
  • Elreedy S, Kreiger N, Ryan PB, Sparrow D, Weiss ST, Hu H. 1999. Relations between individual and neighborhood-based measures of socioeconomic position and bone lead concentrations among community-exposed men: The Normative Aging Study. Am J Epidemiol 150(2):129-141. PMID:10412957
  • Korrick SA, Hunter DJ, Rotnitzky A, Hu H, Speizer FE. 1999. Lead and hypertension in a sample of middle-aged women. Am J Public Health 89:330-335. PMID:10076481
  • Potula V, Serrano J, Sparrow D, Hu H. 1999. The relationship of lead in drinking water to bone lead levels twenty year later in Boston men: the Normative Aging Study. J Occup Environ Med 41:349-355. PMID:10337604
  • Tsaih S, Lee ML, Amarasiriwardena CJ, Aro A, Sparrow D, Hu H. 1999. The independent contribution of bone and erythrocyte lead to urinary lead among middle-aged and Elderly men: The Normative Aging Study. Environ Health Perspect 107(5):391-396. PMID:10210695
  • Wright RO, Shannon MW, Hu H. 1999. Association between iron deficiency and low-level lead poisoning in an urban primary care clinic. Am J Public Health 89(7):1049-1053. PMID:10394314

1998

  • Cheng YW, Schwartz J, Vokonas PS, Weiss ST, Aro A, Hu H. 1998. Electrocardiographic conduction disturbances in association with low-level lead exposure: the Normative Aging Study. American Journal of Cardiology 82:594-599. PMID:9732886
  • Cheng YW, Willett W, Schwartz J, Sparrow D, Weiss ST, Hu H. 1998. Relation of nutrition to bone and blood lead levels in middle-aged to elderly men: The Normative Aging Study. Am J Epidemiol 147:1162-1174. PMID:9645795
  • Farias P, Hu H, Rubenstein E, Meneses-Gonzalez F, Fishbein E, Palazuelos E, Aro A, Hernandez-Avila M. 1998. Determinants of bone and blood lead levels among teenagers living in urban areas with high lead exposure. Environ Health Perspect 106:733-738. PMID:9799189
  • Gonzalez-Cossio T, Sanin L, Hernandez-Avila M, Rivera J, Hu H. 1998. Length and weight at birth: the role of maternal nutrition. Salud Publica Mexicana 40(2):119-126. PMID:9617192
  • Hernandez-Avila M, Smith DR, Meneses-Gonzalez F, Sanin L, Hu H. 1998. The influence of bone and blood lead on plasma lead levels in environmentally exposed adults. Environ Health Perspect 106(8):473-477. PMID:9681974
  • Hu H. 1998. Bone lead as a new biological marker of lead dose: recent findings and implications for public health. Environ Health Perspect 106(supp.4):961-967. PMID:9703479
  • Hu H, Kim R, Fleischaker G, Aro A. 1998. K-X-Ray fluorescence: Measuring bone lead as a biological marker of cumulative lead dose. In: Proceedings of Biomarkers, the Genome, and the Individual: Workplace and Medical Implications of a Rapidly Evolving Technology. John Henry Press, Charleston, SC.
  • Hu H, Rabinowitz M, Smith DR. 1998. Bone lead as a biological marker in epidemiologic studies of chronic toxicity: conceptual paradigms. Environ Health Perspect 106:1-8. PMID:9417769
  • Korrick SA, Hunter DJ, Rotnitzky A, Hu H, Speizer FE. 1998. Lead and hypertension in a sample of middle-aged men. Am J Public Health 89:330-335.
  • Payton M, Riggs KM, Spiro, III A, Weiss ST, Hu H. 1998. Relations of bone and blood lead to cognitive function: The VA Normative Aging Study. Neurotoxicol Teratol 20:19-27. PMID:9511166
  • Wright RO, Hu H, Maher TJ, Amarasiriwardena CJ, Chaiyakul P, Woolf AD, Shannon MW. 1998. Effect of iron deficiency anemia on lead toxicokinetics after intravenous dosing: a rodent model. Toxicol Ind Health 14:547-551.

1997

  • Gonzalez-Cossio T, Peterson KE, Sanin L, Fishbein E, Palazuelos E, Aro A, Hernandez-Avila M, Hu H. 1997. Decrease in birth weight in relation to maternal bone-lead burden. Pediatrics 100(5):856-862. doi:10.1542/peds.100.5.856 PMID:9346987
  • Hoppin JA, Aro A, Hu H, Ryan PB. 1997. In vivo bone lead measurements in suburban teenagers. Pediatrics 100:365-370.
  • Kim R, Landrigan C, Mossman P, Sparrow D, Hu H. 1997. Age and secular trends in bone lead levels in middle-aged and elderly men: three-year longitudinal follow-up in the Normative Aging Study. Am J Epidemiol 146:586-591. PMID:9326437

1996

  • Hernandez-Avila M, Gonzalez-Cossio T, Palazuelos E, Romieu I, Aro A, Fishbein E, Hu H, Peterson KE. 1996. Dietary and environmental determinants of blood and bone lead levels in lactating postpartum women living in Mexico City. Environ Health Perspect 104(10):1076-1082. PMID:8930549
  • Hu H, Aro A, Payton M, Korrick SA, Sparrow D, Weiss ST, Rotnitzky A. 1996. The relationship of blood and bone lead to hypertension among middle-aged to elderly men. JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association 275:1171-1176.
  • Hu H, Hashimoto D, Besser M. 1996. Levels of lead in blood and bone of women giving birth in a Boston hospital. Arch Environ Health 51:52-58. PMID:8629865
  • Hu H, Kim R, Payton M, Korrick SA, Sparrow D, Weiss ST. 1996. The relationship of bone and blood lead to hypertension: further analyses of the Normative Aging Study data. In: Proceedings of the Pacific Basin Conference on Hazardous Waste, November 4-8, 1996, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. East-West Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Hu H, Payton M, Korrick SA, Sparrow D, Weiss ST, Aro A, Rotnitzky A. 1996. Determinants of bone and blood lead levels among community-exposed middle-aged to elderly men: The Normative Aging Study. Am J Epidemiol 144:749-759. PMID:8857824
  • Kim R, Hu H, Rotnitzky A, Bellinger DC, Needleman HL. 1996. Longitudinal relationship between dentin lead levels in childhood and bone lead levels in young adulthood. Arch Environ Health 51:375-382. PMID:8896387
  • Kim R, Rotnitzky A, Sparrow D, Weiss ST, Hu H. 1996. A longitudinal study of low-level lead exposure and impairment of renal function. The Normative Aging Study. JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association 275(15):1177-1181. PMID:8609685
  • Potula V, Hu H. 1996. Occupational and lifestyle determinants of blood lead levels among men in Madras, India. Int J Occup Environ Health 2:1-4. PMID:9933858
  • Proctor SP, Rotnitzky A, Sparrow D, Weiss ST, Hu H. 1996. The relationship of blood lead and dietary calcium to blood pressure in the Normative Aging Study. Int J Epidemiol 25:528-536. PMID:8671553

1995

  • Gonzalez-Cossio T, Hernandez-Avila M, Romieu I, Palazuelos E, Aro A, Hu H. 1995. Determinants of lead levels in lactating women in Mexico City. In: Proceedings of the Federation of American Societies of Experimental Biology Annual Meeting.
  • Hoppin JA, Aro A, Williams PL, Hu H, Ryan PB. 1995. Validation of K-XRF bone lead measurements in young adults. Environ Health Perspect 103:78-83. PMID:7628429
  • Hu H, Aro A, Rotnitzky A. 1995. Bone lead measured by X-ray fluorescence: epidemiologic methods. Environ Health Perspect 103(supp.1):105-110. PMID:7621788
  • Hu H, Kotha S, Brennan T. 1995. The role of nutrition in mitigating environmental insults: policy and ethical issues. Environ Health Perspect 103(supp.6):185-190. PMID:8549471
  • Kim R, Aro A, Rotnitzky A, Amarasiriwardena CJ, Hu H. 1995. K-x-ray fluorescence measurements of bone lead concentration: the analysis of low-level data. Physics in Medicine and Biology 40:1475-1485. PMID:8532760
  • Kim R, Hu H, Rotnitzky A, Bellinger DC, Needleman HL. 1995. Chronic lead exposure and physical growth parameters in a 13-year follow-up study. Environ Health Perspect 103:952-957.
  • Smith CM, Hu H, Wang X, Kelsey KT. 1995. ALA-D genotype is not associated with HT or HB levels among workers exposed to low levels of lead. Med Lav 86(3):229-235. PMID:7565283
  • Smith CM, Wang X, Hu H, Kelsey KT. 1995. A polymorphism in the δ-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase gene may modify the pharmacokinetics and toxicity of lead. Environ Health Perspect 103:248-253. PMID:7768225
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