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Supporting and strengthening research on urban health interventions for the prevention and control of vector-borne and other infectious diseases of poverty: scoping reviews and research gap analysis

Climate Change and Human Health Literature Portal

Otmani Del Barrio M, Simard F, Caprara A
2018
Infectious Diseases of Poverty. 7 (1): 94

BACKGROUND: More than half of the world's population currently lives in urban settlements that grow both in size and number. By 2050, approximately 70% of the global population will be living in urban conglomerations, mainly in low- and middle-income countries. Mobility, poverty, different layers of inequalities as well as climate variability and change are some of the social and environmental factors that influence the exposure of human populations in urban settings to vector-borne diseases, which pose eminent public health threats. Accurate, consistent, and evidence-based interventions for prevention and control of vector-borne and other infectious diseases of poverty in urban settings are needed to implement innovative and cost-effective public policy and to promote inclusive and equitable urban health services. MAIN BODY: While there is growing awareness of vector-borne diseases epidemiology at the urban level, there is still a paucity of research and action being undertaken in this area, hindering evidence-based public health policy decisions and practice and strategies for active community engagement. This paper describes the collaboration and partnership of the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) hosted by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the "VEctor boRne DiseAses Scoping reviews" (VERDAS) Research Consortium as they joined efforts in response to filling this gap in knowledge and evidence by supporting the development of a series of scoping reviews that highlight priority research gaps and policy implications to address vector-borne and other infectious diseases at the urban level. CONCLUSIONS: The set of scoping reviews proposed in this special issue presents a critical analysis of the state-of-the-art of research on urban health interventions for the prevention and control of vector-borne and other infectious diseases of poverty. The authors of the 6 reviews highlighted severe gaps in knowledge and identified organizational and theoretical limitations that need to be urgently tackled to improve cities preparedness and vector control response. The more pressing need at present is to ensure that more implementation research on vector-borne diseases in urban settings is conducted, addressing policy and practice implications and calling for more political commitment and social mobilization through adequate citizen engagement strategies.

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Resource Description

  • Water Quality
    • Water Quality: Marine/Freshwater Pathogen
  • Urban
  • Global or Unspecified Location
  • Infectious Disease
    • Infectious Disease: Vectorborne Disease
      • Vectorborne Disease: General Vectorborne Disease
  • Review Article
  • Adaptation, Policy, Research Gap, Sociodemographic Vulnerability, Vulnerable Population
    • Adaptation: Resilience
    • Vulnerable Population: Low Socioeconomic Status
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