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Principal Investigator: Rusyn, Ivan
Institute Receiving Award Texas A&M University
Location College Station, TX
Grant Number P42ES027704
Funding Organization National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Award Funding Period 20 Sep 2022 to 30 Jun 2027
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Comprehensive tools and models for addressing exposure to mixtures during environmental emergency-related contamination events Overall Program Description Climate change-associated disasters coupled with economic activity and the enhanced vulnerability of already disadvantaged communities markedly increase risks from catastrophic chemical contamination events resulting from weather-related or anthropogenic emergencies. The complexities of chemical exposures and their potential adverse health impacts, the need to rapidly and comprehensively evaluate the potential hazards of exposures to complex mixtures, and the necessity of protecting vulnerable populations and life-stages call for novel approaches in the Superfund Research Program. This Center consists of a team of well-established scientists from biomedical, geosciences, data science, and engineering disciplines who share a common goal: to develop, apply, and translate a comprehensive set of tools and models that will aid first responders, impacted communities, and government agencies in characterizing and mitigating the human health consequences of exposure to hazardous mixtures. These will be applicable for both existing contaminated waste sites and disaster-related contamination events. Project 1 will develop novel analytical and computational strategies for exposure assessment of complex mixtures. Project 2 will develop novel tools to rapidly characterize pediatric respiratory health risks from exposure to hazardous volatile organic compounds after environmental disasters. Project 3 will develop and use feto-maternal interface tissue chip models for rapid assessment of preterm birth risks of hazardous substances. Project 4 will continue development of predictive in vitro methods for quantitative evaluation of the complex mixtures and intra- and inter-individual variability in toxicity. Project 5 is responsive to the Superfund remediation mandate by using experimental and computational engineering to develop optimized multi-component sorbents for toxic mixtures. A Disaster Research Response (DR2) Core will be a centralized resource for environmental sampling and assessment before, during, and after disasters. A Data Management and Analysis Core will develop computational and statistical tools for analysis and integration of “big data” in environmental health. A Risk and Geospatial Science Core will provide the Center with data and services for characterizing human health risks and the geographic distribution of hazardous substances during disasters. The Center will engage with community organizations and public health practitioners in Texas to address health concerns of the populations that may be impacted by environmental emergency-related contamination events. We will continue training students and postdoctoral fellows in inter-disciplinary approaches across our scientific areas, decision making and emergency response. The research translation to local, state, national and international stakeholders involves both technology transfer and regular outreach. Finally, the management of this program includes close partnerships with the Texas A&M University administration and the NIEHS-funded Center for Translational Environmental Health Research, and is overseen by the advisors representing academia, federal and state agencies, industry and a non-governmental organization.
Science Code(s)/Area of Science(s) Primary: 35 - Superfund Research Program Centers
Secondary: -
Publications See publications associated with this Grant.
Program Officer Danielle Carlin
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