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Your Environment. Your Health.

MECHANISMS OF NANOPARTICLE MODULATION OF ALLERGIC LUNG DISEASE

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Principal Investigator: Bonner, James Christopher
Institute Receiving Award North Carolina State University Raleigh
Location Raleigh, NC
Grant Number R01ES032443
Funding Organization National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Award Funding Period 01 Sep 2021 to 30 Jun 2026
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Project Summary Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) are engineered nanoparticles with numerous applications and they are commonly ‘functionalized’ by the addition of chemical groups (e.g., carboxyl or amine groups) to modify their unique physicochemical properties. Increasing evidence in rodent models indicate that MWCNTs are an emerging risk for lung diseases. In particular, MWCNTs exacerbate allergen-induced airway disease in rodents, suggesting a potential hazard for humans with allergic asthma. The long-term pathology of asthma features airway fibrosis and mucous cell metaplasia, defined herein as allergic airway disease. Importantly, current asthma therapies treat inflammation and bronchospasm, but do not reduce allergic airway disease. Therefore, elucidating the mechanism(s) through which nanoparticles exacerbate allergic airway disease would fill critical knowledge and treatment gaps. We propose a mechanism of nanoparticle exacerbation of chronic airway disease mediated by the adsorption of proteolytic house dust mite (HDM) allergens to the surface of MWCNTs to form an ‘allergen corona’. Allergens in the corona have increased proteolytic activity and activate the protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR2) on lung macrophages. Triggering of PARs has been implicated in M2-like ‘pro- fibrotic’ polarization of macrophages, a process that is regulated by STAT transcription factors. Our preliminary data show that PAR2 deficiency in cells or mice increases STAT1 signaling but decreases STAT3 signaling. Therefore, we hypothesize that MWCNTs exacerbate allergic airway disease by enhancing the proteolytic activity of allergens to increase PAR2 activation in macrophages leading to induction of STAT3 signaling and suppression of STAT1 signaling. In Aim 1 we will characterize the allergen corona on MWCNTs exposed to HDM extract, determine that functionalization alters corona formation, and show that corona allergens have enhanced proteolytic activity. In Aim 2 we will determine whether MWCNTs with HDM allergen corona activate PAR2 in macrophages in vitro to induce STAT3 signaling or suppress STAT1 signaling to enhance pro-fibrotic cytokine expression. In Aim 3 we will determine whether MWCNTs with HDM allergen corona exacerbate allergic airway disease in mice and whether this is dependent on PAR2 induction of STAT3 activation or suppression of STAT1 activation. Completion of these studies will define a novel mechanism and fundamental basis through which nanoparticles exacerbate allergic airway disease. This work will have significant and broad implications for a variety of engineered nanoparticles and their impact on human health.
Science Code(s)/Area of Science(s) Primary: 78 - Nanotoxicology
Secondary: 03 - Carcinogenesis/Cell Transformation
Publications No publications associated with this grant
Program Officer Lingamanaidu Ravichandran
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