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Your Environment. Your Health.


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Principal Investigator: Duca, Frank Anthony
Institute Receiving Award University Of Arizona
Location Tucson, AZ
Grant Number R01ES033993
Funding Organization National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Award Funding Period 21 Sep 2022 to 31 Jul 2027
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): PROJECT SUMMARY The prevalence of obesity and diabetes continue to rise unabated in the United States, creating a grave social and economic burden. Although development of these diseases is multi-faceted and complex, there is accumulating evidence for the impact of environmental chemical exposures on metabolic homeostasis. Currently, glyphosate is the most commonly used herbicide in the United States, however, to date, no studies have ever assessed whether glyphosate exposure impacts the development of obesity and diabetes. Thus, the long-term goal of this project is to better understand how recent and current pesticide usage can impact long-term metabolic homeostasis. Glyphosate targets the shikimate pathway found in plants, and not mammals, leading to the assumption of its general safety. However, glyphosate can also target bacteria, and glyphosate exposure results in an altered gut microbiome profile. Despite the fact that previous pesticides are associated with metabolic disease, and that glyphosate is known to alter the gut microbiota which can impact energy and glucose homeostasis, no study has ever examined whether exposure to glyphosate can result in development of obesity and/or diabetes. One of the main roles of the gut microbiota is bile acid metabolism, and studies suggest that alterations in bile acid signaling represent a plausible link between the gut microbiota and regulation of metabolic homeostasis via changes in Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) signaling. These facts, coupled with our preliminary data, led to the hypothesis that exposure to glyphosate shifts the gut microbiome, leading to altered intestinal bile acid signaling that contributes to impairments in energy and glucose homeostasis. This hypothesis will be tested in 3 aims: 1) assess if exposure to glyphosate during different developmental timepoints promotes metabolic dysfunction in male and female mice on a chow or high-fat diet, 2) determine the role of the gut microbiome in the effects of glyphosate exposure on metabolic homeostasis, and 3) identify the impact of altered bile acid signaling via glyphosate exposure in impaired metabolic homeostasis. The proposed study will be the first ever to provide mechanistic insight of the effects of glyphosate exposure on metabolic homeostasis. This proposal will provide valuable data leading to further research examining how environmental pesticide usage can affect human health, and possibly identify microbial targets to offset the detrimental effects of environmental chemical use.
Science Code(s)/Area of Science(s) Primary: 68 - Microbiome
Secondary: 03 - Carcinogenesis/Cell Transformation
Publications See publications associated with this Grant.
Program Officer Anika Dzierlenga
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