Skip Navigation


Export to Word (
Principal Investigator: Park, Sung Kyun
Institute Receiving Award University Of Michigan At Ann Arbor
Location Ann Arbor, MI
Grant Number R01ES035087
Funding Organization National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Award Funding Period 17 Mar 2023 to 31 Dec 2027
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): PROJECT SUMMARY/ABSTRACT Exposure to environmental chemicals may play an important role in the pathogenesis of type-2 diabetes (T2D) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) as these exposures are widespread in the population, and the prevalence of these metabolic disorders has dramatically increased over the past several decades. In the US, >42,000 types of chemicals are actively produced, but only a handful of chemicals are tested for their toxicity. Epidemiologic studies have also been restricted to a few targeted metabolism-disrupting chemicals, while relatively little is known about the potential metabolic toxicity of the majority of these chemicals. Analyses spanning wide classes of chemicals are critically needed to identify novel areas of risk, as well as specific associations with metabolic phenotypes. In addition, the underlying biological mechanisms linking environmental chemicals and T2D and MetS are still not well understood. Although risk assessment is critical for early detection and prevention of T2D and MetS, current risk prediction models generally use only a few known risk factors such as demographics, clinical measures including fasting blood glucose and body mass index, and family history and susceptible genotypes. Integrated exposomic signatures may improve risk stratification/discrimination to identify vulnerable populations and provide a more effective intervention approach at the individual- and population-level (i.e., precision health). To address these scientific gaps, we propose to conduct an exposome- metabolome wide association study in relation to incident T2D and Mets in the Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation (SWAN), a multi-racial/ethnic longitudinal cohort of women from midlife to late-life. Using untargeted, high-resolution mass spectrometry that provides the high-quality measures needed for sequencing the human blood exposome, we aim to establish a new paradigm for environmental health research addressing metabolic disease risk. This can be achieved by taking advantage of the rich longitudinal features of the SWAN. Specifically, we aim to 1) conduct an integrated exposome- and metabolome-wide association study of incident T2D and MetS using pre-diagnosis blood samples collected at baseline to characterize known and novel environmental exposures detected using untargeted high-resolution mass spectrometry linked to future T2D and MetS risk and identify endogenous metabolite and disease-associated alterations underlying T2D and MetS; 2) evaluate temporal evolution of exposome and metabolome profiles in T2D and MetS cases and metabolically healthy controls; 3) identify pre-diagnostic metabolomic signatures that link targeted exposures of metabolism disrupting chemicals and novel exposome biomarkers to incident T2D and MetS; and 4) develop and validate exposome-based risk prediction models for T2D and MetS. Successful completion of these aims will identify critical pre-diagnostic exposome biomarkers that may improve risk prediction for T2D and MetS.
Science Code(s)/Area of Science(s) Primary: 15 - Exposure Assessment/Exposome
Secondary: 03 - Carcinogenesis/Cell Transformation
Publications See publications associated with this Grant.
Program Officer Yuxia Cui
to Top