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GENOME-WIDE SCREEN FOR DYNAMIC GENE-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONS

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Principal Investigator: Xing, Chao
Institute Receiving Award Ut Southwestern Medical Center
Location Dallas, TX
Grant Number R03ES034138
Funding Organization National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Award Funding Period 13 Sep 2022 to 31 Aug 2024
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Project Summary/Abstract The etiology of most common complex diseases involves not only discrete genetic and environmental factors, but also interactions between them. However, in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) scientists have mostly examined the marginal effects of genetic factors without incorporating gene-environment interaction (GxE). The central hypothesis in the proposal is that incorporating GxE in GWAS will enhance the power to detect genetic association for variants that confer disease susceptibility subject to exposure to environmental risk factors. The goal of the proposed study is to develop powerful methods to identify genetic associations by incorporating nonlinear GxE through a semiparametric approach in a unified framework for GWAS and to im- plement the methods in scalable software. The first specific aim is to simultaneously test gene and GxE when correlation among subjects is negligible; the second specific aim is to simultaneously test gene and GxE where correlation among subjects is explicitly modeled. Validity, power, and computational efficiency of the proposed methods will be examined by simulations and real data analyses. Upon completion of the proposed studies, a computationally efficient tool that is implemented with a powerful approach to simultaneously test gene and GxE for both population-based and family-based studies will be delivered. The method and tool shall increase the power of detecting variants interacting with environmental factors to influence a trait in GWAS. Detecting such genetic variants will provide a focal point for future mechanistic, pharmacological, and clinical studies.
Science Code(s)/Area of Science(s) Primary: 07 - Human Genetics/Gene X Environment Interaction
Secondary: 03 - Carcinogenesis/Cell Transformation
Publications No publications associated with this grant
Program Officer Kimberly Mcallister
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