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Principal Investigator: Holian, Andrij
Institute Receiving Award University Of Montana
Location Missoula, MT
Grant Number R21ES033511
Funding Organization National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Award Funding Period 05 May 2022 to 30 Apr 2025
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Abstract Chronic inflammation is a significant contributing factor to pulmonary and other diseases. One trigger of chronic inflammation is respirable crystalline silica (cSiO2) in occupational settings, and, therefore, presents a useful model to investigate the mechanisms of unresolved, lysosome dysfunction-mediated inflammation. cSiO2 causes phagolysosomal membrane permeabilization (LMP) and NLRP3 inflammasome activation in alveolar macrophages. Activated inflammasome triggers inflammation through caspase-1 mediated maturation of interleukin 1b (IL-1b) and interleukin 18 (IL-18). The lysosome’s role in NLRP3 inflammasome activity and its contributions to macrophage homeostasis make it of significant interest in the development of therapeutic targets for chronic inflammatory human health conditions. Within the lysosome, ion channels are indispensable to its function. This research will investigate the role of the lysosomal potassium (K+) channel in LMP and how it contributes to NLRP3-mediated inflammation. Current literature shows that particulate-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activity correlates to a decrease in cytosolic K+, which is assumed to be K+ efflux from the cytosol to the extracellular matrix. However, the contribution of lysosomal K+ channels to the decrease of cytosolic K+ in NLPR3 inflammasome activation will be evaluated in this study. Our preliminary results indicate that K+ movement into the lysosome through the lysosomal big conductance potassium (BK) channel precedes LMP and NLRP3 inflammasome activity. Blocking lysosomal BK channel activity reduces cSiO2-induced cell death and IL-1b release, suggesting lysosomal ion channel involvement in the mechanisms in LMP. This project will address the hypothesis that cSiO2 interacts with the lysosomal membrane and initiates changes in the lysosomal membrane lipid order and promotes lysosomal BK channel activity, a decrease in cytosolic K+, LMP, and NLRP3 inflammasome activity.
Science Code(s)/Area of Science(s) Primary: 78 - Nanotoxicology
Secondary: 03 - Carcinogenesis/Cell Transformation
Publications See publications associated with this Grant.
Program Officer Srikanth Nadadur
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