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Principal Investigator: Mamishev, Alexander V
Institute Receiving Award Spectree Inc.
Location Seattle, WA
Grant Number R42ES034684
Funding Organization National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
Award Funding Period 13 Sep 2022 to 31 Aug 2025
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Project Summary We propose developing and validating a novel platform technology that combines the collection and chemical analysis of ultrafine particles using an in-situ multispectral technique. The sample, collected directly onto the analysis substrate, is analyzed via excitation-emission matrix (EEM) spectroscopy. This approach will be validated against laboratory combustion-generated aerosols, such as diesel exhaust, wood smoke, tobacco smoke, and against a mixture of environmental pollutants. Within the respiratory tract, particle size determines the region of deposition and tissue uptake; the chemistry of the particle also affects solubility and determines the potential for biochemical reaction with tissues and cells. There is a growing awareness that exposure scenarios are very complex, consisting of time-varying concentrations and chemical composition over a broad range of particle sizes. Long-term exposure to air pollution has also been linked to increased mortality rates for infectious diseases, including COVID-19. The proposed research addresses the need for improved personal exposure assessment and characterization of ultrafine particles in the environment. Low-cost, miniaturized exposure monitoring devices can shed insight into the relationships between exposure to pollutants and health impact. Source apportioned measurements of PM concentration with high temporal and spatial resolution can facilitate the implementation of optimal air pollution mitigation strategies. The anticipated outcome of this project is the development of a miniaturized spectroscopic sensor that provides an analysis of the chemical composition of combustion-generated ultrafine particles, which both reflects the particle sources and determines their toxic potential. The machine-learning algorithms will enable the deconvolution of the complex spectra and identification of the PM source from the EEM analysis. The broader applications of the technology are environmental and regulatory monitoring, personal exposure assessment for the consumer market, and epidemiological studies.
Science Code(s)/Area of Science(s) Primary: 74 - Biosensors/Biomarkers
Secondary: 03 - Carcinogenesis/Cell Transformation
Publications No publications associated with this grant
Program Officer Lingamanaidu Ravichandran
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