Title: A quantitative mass spectrometry-based approach for assessing the repair of 8-methoxypsoralen-induced DNA interstrand cross-links and monoadducts in mammalian cells.
Authors: Liu, Shuo; Wang, Yinsheng
Published In Anal Chem, (2013 Jul 16)
Abstract: Interstrand cross-links (ICLs) are highly toxic DNA lesions that block transcription and replication by preventing strand separation. ICL-inducing agents were among the earliest and are still the most widely used forms of chemotherapeutic drugs. Because of the repair of DNA ICLs, the therapeutic efficacy of the DNA cross-linking agents is often reduced by the development of chemoresistance in patients. Thus, it is very important to understand how various DNA ICLs are repaired. Such studies are currently hampered by the lack of an analytical method for monitoring directly the repair of DNA ICLs in cells. Here we report a high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method, together with the isotope dilution technique, for assessing the repair of 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP)-induced DNA ICLs, as well as monoadducts (MAs), in cultured mammalian cells. We found that, while there were substantial decreases in the levels of ICL and MAs in repair-competent cells 24 h after 8-MOP/UVA treatment, there was little repair of 8-MOP-ICLs and -MAs in xeroderma pigmentosum, complementation group A-deficient human skin fibroblasts and excision repair cross-complementing rodent repair deficiency, complementation group 1-deficient Chinese hamster ovary cells over a 24 h period. This result provided unequivocal evidence supporting the notion that the 8-MOP photoadducts are substrates for nucleotide excision repair in mammalian cells. This is one of the first few reports about the application of LC-MS/MS for assessing the repair of DNA ICLs. The analytical method developed here, when combined with genetic manipulation, will also facilitate the assessment of the roles of other DNA repair pathways in removing these DNA lesions, and the method can also be generally applicable for investigating the repair of other types of DNA ICLs in mammalian cells.
PubMed ID: 23789926
MeSH Terms: Animals; CHO Cells; Cells, Cultured; Chromatography, Liquid/methods; Cricetinae; Cricetulus; Cross-Linking Reagents/analysis*; Cross-Linking Reagents/chemistry; DNA Adducts/analysis*; DNA Adducts/chemistry; HEK293 Cells; Humans; Mass Spectrometry/methods; Methoxsalen/analysis*; Methoxsalen/chemistry; Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods*; Xeroderma Pigmentosum/chemistry