Title: Biochemical determination of enzyme-bound metabolites: preferential accumulation of a programmed octaketide on the enediyne polyketide synthase CalE8.
Authors: Belecki, Katherine; Townsend, Craig A
Published In J Am Chem Soc, (2013 Sep 25)
Abstract: Despite considerable interest in the enediyne family of antitumor antibiotics, assembly of their polyketide core structures in nature remains poorly understood. Discriminating methods to access enzyme-bound intermediates are critical for elucidating unresolved polyketide and nonribosomal peptide biosynthetic pathways. Here, we describe the development of broadly applicable techniques for the mild chemical release and analysis of intermediates bound to carrier proteins (CPs), providing access to these species even in sensitive systems. These techniques were applied to CalE8, the polyketide synthase (PKS) involved in calicheamicin biosynthesis, facilitating the unambiguous identification of enzyme-bound polyketides on an enediyne PKS. Moreover, these methods enabled the preparation of fully unloaded CalE8, providing a "clean slate" for reconstituted activity and allowing us to demonstrate the preferential accumulation of a PKS-bound octaketide with evidence of programmed processing control by CalE8. This intermediate, which has the expected chain length for enediyne core construction, could previously only be indirectly inferred. These studies prove that this polyketide is an authentic product of CalE8 and may be a key precursor to the enediyne core of calicheamicin, as it is the only programmed, enzyme-bound species observed for any enediyne system to date. Our experimental advances into a generally inaccessible system illustrate the utility of these techniques for investigating CP-based biosynthetic pathways.
PubMed ID: 24041368
MeSH Terms: Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/chemistry*; Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/metabolism; Cysteamine/chemistry; Enediynes/chemistry*; Enediynes/metabolism; Escherichia coli/genetics; Escherichia coli/metabolism; Hydrolysis; Light; Polyketide Synthases/chemistry*; Polyketide Synthases/genetics; Polyketide Synthases/metabolism; Polyketides/chemistry*; Polyketides/metabolism; Recombinant Proteins/chemistry