Title: Interstrand DNA-DNA cross-link formation between adenine residues and abasic sites in duplex DNA.
Authors: Price, Nathan E; Johnson, Kevin M; Wang, Jin; Fekry, Mostafa I; Wang, Yinsheng; Gates, Kent S
Published In J Am Chem Soc, (2014 Mar 5)
Abstract: The loss of a coding nucleobase from the structure of DNA is a common event that generates an abasic (Ap) site (1). Ap sites exist as an equilibrating mixture of a cyclic hemiacetal and a ring-opened aldehyde. Aldehydes are electrophilic functional groups that can form covalent adducts with nucleophilic sites in DNA. Thus, Ap sites present a potentially reactive aldehyde as part of the internal structure of DNA. Here we report evidence that the aldehyde group of Ap sites in duplex DNA can form a covalent adduct with the N(6)-amino group of adenine residues on the opposing strand. The resulting interstrand DNA-DNA cross-link occurs at 5'-ApT/5'-AA sequences in remarkably high yields (15-70%) under physiologically relevant conditions. This naturally occurring DNA-templated reaction has the potential to generate cross-links in the genetic material of living cells.
PubMed ID: 24506784
MeSH Terms: Adenine/chemistry; Aldehydes/chemistry; Base Sequence; DNA/chemistry*; DNA/genetics; Models, Molecular; Nucleic Acid Conformation*