Skip Navigation
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Your Environment. Your Health.

Publication Detail

Title: A practical route to substituted 7-aminoindoles from pyrrole-3-carboxaldehydes.

Authors: Outlaw, Victor K; Townsend, Craig A

Published In Org Lett, (2014 Dec 19)

Abstract: Among privileged structures, indoles occupy a central place in medicinal chemistry and alkaloid research. Here we report a flexible and efficient conversion of pyrrole-3-carboxaldehydes to substituted 7-amino-5-cyanoindoles. Phosphine addition to fumaronitrile proceeds with prototropic rearrangement of the initially formed zwitterion to the thermodynamically favored phosphonium ylide, which is poised for in situ Wittig olefination. The predominantly E-alkene product positions the allylic nitrile for facile intramolecular Hoeben-Hoesch reaction in the presence of BF3·OEt2. Syntheses of 2,5- and 3,5-disubstituted 7-aminoindoles are illustrated. Additionally, dianion alkylation of the allylic nitrile is demonstrated to furnish, after cyclization, 5,6-disubstituted 7-aminoindoles to further exemplify this scalable and high-yielding method.

PubMed ID: 25479249 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Alkylation; Catalysis; Cyclization; Indoles/chemical synthesis*; Indoles/chemistry; Molecular Structure; Nitriles/chemistry*; Pyrroles/chemistry*; Stereoisomerism

to Top