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Title: Transforming Growth Factor (TGF)-β Promotes de Novo Serine Synthesis for Collagen Production.

Authors: Nigdelioglu, Recep; Hamanaka, Robert B; Meliton, Angelo Y; O'Leary, Erin; Witt, Leah J; Cho, Takugo; Sun, Kaitlyn; Bonham, Catherine; Wu, David; Woods, Parker S; Husain, Aliya N; Wolfgeher, Don; Dulin, Nickolai O; Chandel, Navdeep S; Mutlu, Gökhan M

Published In J Biol Chem, (2016 Dec 30)

Abstract: TGF-β promotes excessive collagen deposition in fibrotic diseases such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The amino acid composition of collagen is unique due to its high (33%) glycine content. Here, we report that TGF-β induces expression of glycolytic genes and increases glycolytic flux. TGF-β also induces the expression of the enzymes of the de novo serine synthesis pathway (phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PHGDH), phosphoserine aminotransferase 1 (PSAT1), and phosphoserine phosphatase (PSPH)) and de novo glycine synthesis (serine hydroxymethyltransferase 2 (SHMT2)). Studies in fibroblasts with genetic attenuation of PHGDH or SHMT2 and pharmacologic inhibition of PHGDH showed that these enzymes are required for collagen synthesis. Furthermore, metabolic labeling experiments demonstrated carbon from glucose incorporated into collagen. Lungs from humans with IPF demonstrated increased expression of PHGDH and SHMT2. These results indicate that the de novo serine synthesis pathway is necessary for TGF-β-induced collagen production and suggest that this pathway may be a therapeutic target for treatment of fibrotic diseases including IPF.

PubMed ID: 27836973 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication

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