Title: Tumor necrosis factor alpha in sleep regulation.
Authors: Rockstrom, Matthew D; Chen, Liangyu; Taishi, Ping; Nguyen, Joseph T; Gibbons, Cody M; Veasey, Sigrid C; Krueger, James M
Published In Sleep Med Rev, (2018 Aug)
Abstract: This review details tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) biology and its role in sleep, and describes how TNF medications influence sleep/wake activity. Substantial evidence from healthy young animals indicates acute enhancement or inhibition of endogenous brain TNF respectively promotes and inhibits sleep. In contrast, the role of TNF in sleep in most human studies involves pathological conditions associated with chronic elevations of systemic TNF and disrupted sleep. Normalization of TNF levels in such patients improves sleep. A few studies involving normal healthy humans and their TNF levels and sleep are consistent with the animal studies but are necessarily more limited in scope. TNF can act on established sleep regulatory circuits to promote sleep and on the cortex within small networks, such as cortical columns, to induce sleep-like states. TNF affects multiple synaptic functions, e.g., its role in synaptic scaling is firmly established. The TNF-plasticity actions, like its role in sleep, can be local network events suggesting that sleep and plasticity share biochemical regulatory mechanisms and thus may be inseparable from each other. We conclude that TNF is involved in sleep regulation acting within an extensive tightly orchestrated biochemical network to niche-adapt sleep in health and disease.
PubMed ID: 29153862
MeSH Terms: Animals; Brain/physiology*; Humans; Neuronal Plasticity; Sleep/physiology*; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/physiology*