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Publication Detail

Title: Inhibition of Human CYP3A4 by Rationally Designed Ritonavir-Like Compounds: Impact and Interplay of the Side Group Functionalities.

Authors: Samuels, Eric R; Sevrioukova, Irina

Published In Mol Pharm, (2018 01 02)

Abstract: Structure-function relationships of nine rationally designed ritonavir-like compounds were investigated to better understand the ligand binding and inhibitory mechanism in human drug-metabolizing cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4). The analogs had a similar backbone and pyridine and tert-butyloxycarbonyl (Boc) as the heme-ligating and terminal groups, respectively. N-Isopropyl, N-cyclopentyl, or N-phenyl were the R1-side group substituents alone (compounds 5a-c) or in combination with phenyl or indole at the R2 position (8a-c and 8d-f subseries, respectively). Our experimental and structural data indicate that (i) for all analogs, a decrease in the dissociation constant (Ks) coincides with a decrease in IC50, but no relation with other derived parameters is observed; (ii) an increase in the R1 volume, hydrophobicity, and aromaticity markedly lowers Ks and IC50, whereas the addition of aromatic R2 has a more pronounced positive effect on the inhibitory potency than the binding strength; (iii) the ligands' association mode is strongly influenced by the mutually dependent R1-R2 interplay, but the R1-mediated interactions are dominant and define the overall conformation in the active site; (iv) formation of a strong H-bond with Ser119 is a prerequisite for potent CYP3A4 inhibition; and (v) the strongest inhibitor in the series, the R1-phenyl/R2-indole containing 8f (Ks and IC50 of 0.08 and 0.43 μM, respectively), is still less potent than ritonavir, even under conditions that prevent the mechanism based inactivation of CYP3A4. Crystallographic data were essential for better understanding and interpretation of the experimental results, and suggested how the inhibitor design could be further optimized.

PubMed ID: 29232137 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A/chemistry*; Humans; Kinetics; Protein Binding; Ritonavir/chemistry*

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