Skip Navigation
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Your Environment. Your Health.

Publication Detail

Title: Integrated Molecular Characterization of Testicular Germ Cell Tumors.

Authors: Shen, Hui; Shih, Juliann; Hollern, Daniel P; Wang, Linghua; Bowlby, Reanne; Tickoo, Satish K; Thorsson, Vésteinn; Mungall, Andrew J; Newton, Yulia; Hegde, Apurva M; Armenia, Joshua; Sánchez-Vega, Francisco; Pluta, John; Pyle, Louise C; Mehra, Rohit; Reuter, Victor E; Godoy, Guilherme; Jones, Jeffrey; Shelley, Carl S; Feldman, Darren R; Vidal, Daniel O; Lessel, Davor; Kulis, Tomislav; Cárcano, Flavio M; Leraas, Kristen M; Lichtenberg, Tara M; Brooks, Denise; Cherniack, Andrew D; Cho, Juok; Heiman, David I; Kasaian, Katayoon; Liu, Minwei; Noble, Michael S; Xi, Liu; Zhang, Hailei; Zhou, Wanding; ZenKlusen, Jean C; Hutter, Carolyn M; Felau, Ina; Zhang, Jiashan; Schultz, Nikolaus; Getz, Gad; Meyerson, Matthew; Stuart, Joshua M; Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network; Akbani, Rehan; Wheeler, David A; Laird, Peter W; Nathanson, Katherine L; Cortessis, Victoria K; Hoadley, Katherine A

Published In Cell Rep, (2018 06 12)

Abstract: We studied 137 primary testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) using high-dimensional assays of genomic, epigenomic, transcriptomic, and proteomic features. These tumors exhibited high aneuploidy and a paucity of somatic mutations. Somatic mutation of only three genes achieved significance-KIT, KRAS, and NRAS-exclusively in samples with seminoma components. Integrated analyses identified distinct molecular patterns that characterized the major recognized histologic subtypes of TGCT: seminoma, embryonal carcinoma, yolk sac tumor, and teratoma. Striking differences in global DNA methylation and microRNA expression between histology subtypes highlight a likely role of epigenomic processes in determining histologic fates in TGCTs. We also identified a subset of pure seminomas defined by KIT mutations, increased immune infiltration, globally demethylated DNA, and decreased KRAS copy number. We report potential biomarkers for risk stratification, such as miRNA specifically expressed in teratoma, and others with molecular diagnostic potential, such as CpH (CpA/CpC/CpT) methylation identifying embryonal carcinomas.

PubMed ID: 29898407 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: DNA Copy Number Variations; DNA Methylation; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic; Humans; Male; MicroRNAs/metabolism; Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/classification; Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/metabolism; Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal/pathology*; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/genetics; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/metabolism; Seminoma/metabolism; Seminoma/pathology; Testicular Neoplasms/classification; Testicular Neoplasms/metabolism; Testicular Neoplasms/pathology*; ras Proteins/genetics; ras Proteins/metabolism

to Top