Title: Transcriptomic profiling identifies novel mechanisms of transcriptional regulation of the cytochrome P450 (Cyp)3a11 gene.
Authors: Taneja, Guncha; Maity, Suman; Jiang, Weiwu; Moorthy, Bhagavatula; Coarfa, Cristian; Ghose, Romi
Published In Sci Rep, (2019 04 30)
Abstract: Cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A is the most abundant CYP enzyme in the human liver, and a functional impairment of this enzyme leads to unanticipated adverse reactions and therapeutic failures; these reactions result in the early termination of drug development or the withdrawal of drugs from the market. The transcriptional regulation mechanism of the Cyp3a gene is not fully understood and requires a thorough investigation. We mapped the transcriptome of the Cyp3a gene in a mouse model. The Cyp3a gene was induced using the mPXR activator pregnenolone-16alpha-carbonitrile (PCN) and was subsequently downregulated using lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Our objective was to identify the transcription factors (TFs), epigenetic modulators and molecular pathways that are enriched or repressed by PCN and LPS based on a gene set enrichment analysis. Our analysis shows that 113 genes were significantly upregulated (by at least 1.5-fold) with PCN treatment, and that 834 genes were significantly downregulated (by at least 1.5-fold) with LPS treatment. Additionally, the targets of the 536 transcription factors were enriched by a combined treatment of PCN and LPS, and among these, 285 were found to have binding sites on Cyp3a11. Moreover, the repressed targets of the epigenetic markers HDAC1, HDAC3 and EZH2 were further suppressed by LPS treatment and were enhanced by PCN treatment. By identifying and contrasting the transcriptional regulators that are altered by PCN and LPS, our study provides novel insights into the transcriptional regulation of CYP3A in the liver.
PubMed ID: 31040347
MeSH Terms: Animals; Computational Biology/methods; Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A/genetics*; Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A/metabolism; Enzyme Activation; Epigenesis, Genetic; Gene Expression Profiling*; Gene Expression Regulation*; Membrane Proteins/genetics*; Membrane Proteins/metabolism; Mice; Signal Transduction; Transcription Factors; Transcriptome*