Title: Integration of flux measurements and pharmacological controls to optimize stable isotope-resolved metabolomics workflows and interpretation.
Authors: Lorkiewicz, Pawel K; Gibb, Andrew A; Rood, Benjamin R; He, Liqing; Zheng, Yuting; Clem, Brian F; Zhang, Xiang; Hill, Bradford G
Published In Sci Rep, (2019 Sep 23)
Abstract: Stable isotope-resolved metabolomics (SIRM) provides information regarding the relative activity of numerous metabolic pathways and the contribution of nutrients to specific metabolite pools; however, SIRM experiments can be difficult to execute, and data interpretation is challenging. Furthermore, standardization of analytical procedures and workflows remain significant obstacles for widespread reproducibility. Here, we demonstrate the workflow of a typical SIRM experiment and suggest experimental controls and measures of cross-validation that improve data interpretation. Inhibitors of glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation as well as mitochondrial uncouplers serve as pharmacological controls, which help define metabolic flux configurations that occur under well-controlled metabolic states. We demonstrate how such controls and time course labeling experiments improve confidence in metabolite assignments as well as delineate metabolic pathway relationships. Moreover, we demonstrate how radiolabeled tracers and extracellular flux analyses integrate with SIRM to improve data interpretation. Collectively, these results show how integration of flux methodologies and use of pharmacological controls increase confidence in SIRM data and provide new biological insights.
PubMed ID: 31548575
MeSH Terms: Data Interpretation, Statistical; Isotope Labeling/methods; Mass Spectrometry/methods*; Mass Spectrometry/standards; Metabolic Networks and Pathways; Metabolomics/methods*; Metabolomics/standards; Reproducibility of Results; Workflow*