Title: Disposable glassy carbon stencil printed electrodes for trace detection of cadmium and lead.
Authors: Kava, Alyssa A; Beardsley, Chloe; Hofstetter, Josephine; Henry, Charles S
Published In Anal Chim Acta, (2020 Mar 22)
Abstract: Cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) pollution is a significant environmental and human health concern, and methods to detect Cd and Pb on site are valuable. Stencil-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs) are an attractive electrode material for point-of-care (POC) applications due to their low cost, ease of fabrication, disposability and portability. At present, SPCEs are exclusively formulated from graphitic carbon powder and conductive carbon ink. However, graphitic carbon SPCEs are not ideal for heavy metal sensing due to the heterogeneity of graphitic SPCE surfaces. Moreover, SPCEs typically require extensive modification to provide desirable detection limits and sensitivity at the POC, significantly increasing cost and complexity of analysis. While there are many examples of chemically modified SPCEs, the bulk SPCE composition has not been studied for heavy metal detection. Here, a glassy carbon microparticle stencil printed electrode (GC-SPE) was developed. The GC-SPEs were first characterized with SEM and cyclic voltammetry and then optimized for Cd and Pb detection with an in situ Bi-film plated. The GC-SPEs require no chemical modification or pretreatment significantly decreasing the cost and complexity of fabrication. The detection limits for Cd and Pb were estimated to be 0.46 μg L-1 and 0.55 μg L-1, respectively, which are below EPA limits for drinking water (5 μg L-1 Cd and 10 μg L-1 Pb) . The reported GC-SPEs are advantageous with their low cost, ease of fabrication and use, and attractive performance. The GC-SPEs can be used for low-level metal detection at the POC as shown in the report herein.
PubMed ID: 32081189
MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication