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Publication Detail

Title: DNA polymerase δ proofreads errors made by DNA polymerase ε.

Authors: Bulock, Chelsea R; Xing, Xuanxuan; Shcherbakova, Polina V

Published In Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, (2020 03 17)

Abstract: During eukaryotic replication, DNA polymerases ε (Polε) and δ (Polδ) synthesize the leading and lagging strands, respectively. In a long-known contradiction to this model, defects in the fidelity of Polε have a much weaker impact on mutagenesis than analogous Polδ defects. It has been previously proposed that Polδ contributes more to mutation avoidance because it proofreads mismatches created by Polε in addition to its own errors. However, direct evidence for this model was missing. We show that, in yeast, the mutation rate increases synergistically when a Polε nucleotide selectivity defect is combined with a Polδ proofreading defect, demonstrating extrinsic proofreading of Polε errors by Polδ. In contrast, combining Polδ nucleotide selectivity and Polε proofreading defects produces no synergy, indicating that Polε cannot correct errors made by Polδ. We further show that Polδ can remove errors made by exonuclease-deficient Polε in vitro. These findings illustrate the complexity of the one-strand-one-polymerase model where synthesis appears to be largely divided, but Polδ proofreading operates on both strands.

PubMed ID: 32123096 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: DNA Polymerase III/genetics; DNA Polymerase III/metabolism*; DNA Replication*; Mutagenesis, Site-Directed; Mutation Rate; Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins/genetics; Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins/metabolism*; Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genetics*

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