Skip Navigation
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Your Environment. Your Health.

Publication Detail

Title: Arsenite Exposure Displaces Zinc from ZRANB2 Leading to Altered Splicing.

Authors: Banerjee, Mayukh; Ferragut Cardoso, Ana P; Lykoudi, Angeliki; Wilkey, Daniel W; Pan, Jianmin; Watson, Walter H; Garbett, Nichola C; Rai, Shesh N; Merchant, Michael L; States, J Christopher

Published In Chem Res Toxicol, (2020 06 15)

Abstract: Exposure to arsenic, a class I carcinogen, affects 200 million people globally. Skin is the major target organ, but the molecular etiology of arsenic-induced skin carcinogenesis remains unclear. Arsenite (As3+)-induced disruption of alternative splicing could be involved, but the mechanism is unknown. Zinc finger proteins play key roles in alternative splicing. As3+ can displace zinc (Zn2+) from C3H1 and C4 zinc finger motifs (zfm's), affecting protein function. ZRANB2, an alternative splicing regulator with two C4 zfm's integral to its structure and splicing function, was chosen as a candidate for this study. We hypothesized that As3+ could displace Zn2+ from ZRANB2, altering its structure, expression, and splicing function. As3+/Zn2+ binding and mutual displacement experiments were performed with synthetic apo-peptides corresponding to each ZRANB2 zfm, employing a combination of intrinsic fluorescence, ultraviolet spectrophotometry, zinc colorimetric assay, and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. ZRANB2 expression in HaCaT cells acutely exposed to As3+ (0 or 5 μM, 0-72 h; or 0-5 μM, 6 h) was examined by RT-qPCR and immunoblotting. ZRANB2-dependent splicing of TRA2B mRNA, a known ZRANB2 target, was monitored by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. As3+ bound to, as well as displaced Zn2+ from, each zfm. Also, Zn2+ displaced As3+ from As3+-bound zfm's acutely, albeit transiently. As3+ exposure induced ZRANB2 protein expression between 3 and 24 h and at all exposures tested but not ZRANB2 mRNA expression. ZRANB2-directed TRA2B splicing was impaired between 3 and 24 h post-exposure. Furthermore, ZRANB2 splicing function was also compromised at all As3+ exposures, starting at 100 nm. We conclude that As3+ exposure displaces Zn2+ from ZRANB2 zfm's, changing its structure and compromising splicing of its targets, and increases ZRANB2 protein expression as a homeostatic response both at environmental/toxicological exposures and therapeutically relevant doses.

PubMed ID: 32274925 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Alternative Splicing/drug effects; Arsenites/toxicity*; Cell Line; Cell Survival/drug effects; Environmental Pollutants/toxicity*; Humans; RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics; RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism*; Zinc/metabolism*

Back
to Top