Title: Genetic Determinants of Reduced Arsenic Metabolism Efficiency in the 10q24.32 Region Are Associated With Reduced AS3MT Expression in Multiple Human Tissue Types.
Authors: Chernoff, Meytal; Tong, Lin; Demanelis, Kathryn; Vander Griend, Donald; Ahsan, Habib; Pierce, Brandon L
Published In Toxicol Sci, (2020 08 01)
Abstract: Approximately 140 million people worldwide are exposed to inorganic arsenic through contaminated drinking water. Chronic exposure increases risk for cancers as well as cardiovascular, respiratory, and neurologic diseases. Arsenic metabolism involves the AS3MT (arsenic methyltransferase) gene, and arsenic metabolism efficiency (AME, measured as relative concentrations of arsenic metabolites in urine) varies among individuals. Inherited genetic variation in the 10q24.32 region, containing AS3MT, influences AME, but the mechanisms remain unclear. To better understand these mechanisms, we use tissue-specific expression data from GTEx (Genotype-tissue Expression project) to identify cis-eQTLs (expression quantitative trait loci) for AS3MT and other nearby genes. We combined these data with results from a genome-wide association study of AME using "colocalization analysis," to determine if 10q24.32 SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) that affect AME also affect expression of AS3MT or nearby genes. These analyses identified cis-eQTLs for AS3MT in 38 tissue types. Colocalization results suggest that the casual variant represented by AME lead SNP rs4919690 impacts expression of AS3MT in 13 tissue types (> 80% probability). Our results suggest this causal SNP also regulates/coregulates expression of nearby genes: BORCS7 (43 tissues), NT5C2 (2 tissues), CYP17A1-AS1 (1 tissue), and RP11-724N1.1 (1 tissue). The rs4919690 allele associated with decreased AME is associated with decreased expression of AS3MT (and other coregulated genes). Our study provides a potential biological mechanism for the association between 10q24.32 variation and AME and suggests that the causal variant, represented by rs4919690, may impact AME (as measured in urine) through its effects on arsenic metabolism occurring in multiple tissue types.
PubMed ID: 32433756
MeSH Terms: Alleles; Arsenic*/metabolism; Genome-Wide Association Study; Humans; Methyltransferases*/genetics; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide