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Title: Whole-Exome and Transcriptome Analysis of UV-Exposed Epidermis and Carcinoma In Situ Reveals Early Drivers of Carcinogenesis.

Authors: Zheng, Qi; Capell, Brian C; Parekh, Vishwas; O'Day, Conor; Atillasoy, Cem; Bashir, Hasan M; Yeh, Christopher; Shim, Eun-Hee; Prouty, Stephen M; Dentchev, Tzvete; Lee, Vivian; Wushanley, Lily; Kweon, Yerin; Suzuki-Horiuchi, Yoko; Pear, Warren; Grice, Elizabeth A; Seykora, John T

Published In J Invest Dermatol, (2021 02)

Abstract: Squamous cell carcinoma in situ (SCCIS) is a prevalent precancerous lesion that can progress to cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. Although SCCIS is common, its pathogenesis remains poorly understood. To better understand SCCIS development, we performed laser captured microdissection of human SCCIS and the adjacent epidermis to isolate genomic DNA and RNA for next-generation sequencing. Whole-exome sequencing identified UV-signature mutations in multiple genes, including NOTCH1-3 in the epidermis and SCCIS and oncogenic TP53 mutations in SCCIS. Gene families, including SLFN genes, contained UV/oxidative-signature disruptive epidermal mutations that manifested positive selection in SCCIS. The frequency and distribution of NOTCH and TP53 mutations indicate that NOTCH mutations may precede TP53 mutations. RNA sequencing identified 1,166 differentially expressed genes; the top five enriched gene ontology biological processes included (i) immune response, (ii) epidermal development, (iii) protein phosphorylation, (iv) regulation of catalytic activity, and (v) cytoskeletal regulation. The NEURL1 ubiquitin ligase, which targets Notch ligands for degradation, was upregulated in SCCIS. NEURL1 protein was found to be elevated in SCCIS suggesting that increased levels could represent a mechanism for downregulating Notch during UV-induced carcinogenesis. The data from DNA and RNA sequencing of epidermis and SCCIS provide insights regarding SCCIS formation.

PubMed ID: 32649944 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication

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