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Publication Detail

Title: An Ultrasensitive Bioluminescent Enzyme Immunoassay Based on Nanobody/Nanoluciferase Heptamer Fusion for the Detection of Tetrabromobisphenol A in Sediment.

Authors: Li, Zhenfeng; Wang, Yi; Vasylieva, Natalia; Wan, Debin; Yin, Zihan; Dong, Jiexian; Hammock, Bruce D

Published In Anal Chem, (2020 07 21)

Abstract: Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) is a flame retardant and has become a widely concerning environmental pollutant. An ultrasensitive nanobody-based immunoassay was developed to monitor the exposure of TBBPA in sediment. First, the anti-TBBPA nanobody was fused with nanoluciferase, and then a one-step bioluminescent enzyme immunoassay (BLEIA) was developed with high sensitivity for TBBPA, with a maximum half inhibition concentration (IC50) at 187 pg/mL. Although approximately 10-fold higher sensitivity can be achieved by this developed BLEIA than by the classical two-step ELISA (IC50 at 1778 pg/mL), it is still a challenge to detect trace TBBPA in sediment samples reliably due to the relatively high matrix effect. To further improve the performance of this one-step BLEIA, a C4b-binding protein (C4BP) was inserted as a self-assembling linker between the nanobody and nanoluciferase. Therefore, a heptamer fusion containing seven binders and seven tracers was generated. This reagent improved the binding capacity and signal amplification. The one-step heptamer plus BLEIA based on this immune-reagent shows an additional 7-fold improvement of sensitivity, with the IC50 of 28.9 pg/mL and the limit of detection as low as 2.5 pg/mL. The proposed assay was further applied to determine the trace TBBPA in sediment, and the recovery was within 92-103%. Taking advantage of this heptamer fusion, one-step BLEIA can serve as a powerful tool for fast detection of trace TBBPA in the sediment samples.

PubMed ID: 32559059 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Environmental Monitoring*; Geologic Sediments/chemistry*; Immunoenzyme Techniques; Luciferases/chemistry*; Luciferases/metabolism; Luminescent Measurements*; Polybrominated Biphenyls/analysis*; Single-Domain Antibodies/chemistry*

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