Title: Generation and characterization of the Eµ-Irf8 mouse model.
Authors: Qiu, Zhijun; Holder, Kenneth N; Lin, An-Ping; Myers, Jamie; Jiang, Shoulei; Gorena, Karla M; Kinney, Marsha C; Aguiar, Ricardo C T
Published In Cancer Genet, (2020 07)
Abstract: In mature B-cell malignancies, chromosomal translocations often juxtapose an oncogenic locus to the regulatory regions of the immunoglobulin genes. These genomic rearrangements can associate with specific clinical/pathological sub-entities and inform diagnosis and treatment decisions. Recently, we characterized the t(14;16)(q32;q24) in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and showed that it targets the transcription factor IRF8, which is also somatically mutated in ~10% of DLBCLs. IRF8 regulates innate and adaptive immune responses mediated by myeloid/monocytic and lymphoid cells. While the role of IRF8 in human myeloid/dendritic-cell disorders is well established, less is known of its contribution to the pathogenesis of mature B-cell malignancies. To address this knowledge gap, we generated the Eµ-Irf8 mouse model, which mimics the IRF8 deregulation associated with t(14;16) of DLBCL. Eµ-Irf8 mice develop normally and display peripheral blood cell parameters within normal range. However, Eµ-Irf8 mice accumulate pre-pro-B-cells and transitional B-cells in the bone marrow and spleen, respectively, suggesting that the physiological role of Irf8 in B-cell development is amplified. Notably, in Eµ-Irf8 mice, the lymphomagenic Irf8 targets Aicda and Bcl6 are overexpressed in mature B-cells. Yet, the incidence of B-cell lymphomas is not increased in the Eµ-Irf8 model, even though their estimated survival probability is significantly lower than that of WT controls. Together, these observations suggest that the penetrance on the Irf8-driven phenotype may be incomplete and that introduction of second genetic hit, a common strategy in mouse models of lymphoma, may be necessary to uncover the pro-lymphoma phenotype of the Eµ-Irf8 mice.
PubMed ID: 32535543
MeSH Terms: Animals; Disease Models, Animal; Enhancer Elements, Genetic; Female; Humans; Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains/genetics*; Interferon Regulatory Factors/genetics*; Lymphoma, B-Cell/genetics; Lymphoma, B-Cell/mortality*; Male; Mice; Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics*; Survival Analysis