Title: The role of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes in hyperoxic lung injury.
Authors: Stading, Rachel; Couroucli, Xanthi; Lingappan, Krithika; Moorthy, Bhagavatula
Published In Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol, (2021 Feb)
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Hyperoxic lung injury is a condition that can occur in patients in need of supplemental oxygen, such as premature infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia or adults with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes play critical roles in the metabolism of endogenous and exogenous compounds. AREAS COVERED: Through their complex pathways, some subfamilies of these enzymes may contribute to or protect against hyperoxic lung injury. Oxidative stress from reactive oxygen species (ROS) production is most likely a major contributor of hyperoxic lung injury. CYP1A enzymes have been shown to protect against hyperoxic lung injury while CYP1B enzymes seem to contribute to it. CYP2J2 enzymes help protect against hyperoxic lung injury by triggering EET production, thereby, increasing antioxidant enzymes. The metabolism of arachidonic acid to ω-terminal hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETEs) by CYP4A and CYP4F enzymes could impact hyperoxic lung injury via the vasodilating effects of 20-HETE. CYP2E1 and CYP2A enzymes may contribute to the oxidative stress in the lungs caused by ethanol- and nicotine-metabolism, respectively. EXPERT OPINION: Overall, the CYP enzymes, depending upon the isoform, play a contributory or protective role in hyperoxic lung injury, and are, therefore, ideal candidates for developing drugs that can treat oxygen-mediated lung injury.
PubMed ID: 33215946
MeSH Terms: Adult; Animals; Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/enzymology; Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/physiopathology; Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System/metabolism*; Humans; Hyperoxia/complications*; Hyperoxia/enzymology; Infant, Newborn; Infant, Premature; Lung Injury/enzymology; Lung Injury/etiology*; Lung Injury/physiopathology; Oxidative Stress/physiology; Respiratory Distress Syndrome/enzymology; Respiratory Distress Syndrome/physiopathology