Skip Navigation
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Your Environment. Your Health.

Publication Detail

Title: Physicochemical and mineralogical characterization of biomass ash from different power plants in the Upper Rhine Region.

Authors: Maschowski, Christoph; Kruspan, Peter; Garra, Patxi; Arif, Ali Talib; Trouvé, Gwenaëlle; Gieré, Reto

Published In Fuel (Lond), (2019 Dec 15)

Abstract: Bottom and fly ash samples from six biomass power plants with different power scales and various flue gas treatment strategies were collected and analyzed in regard to their mineralogical composition, and their bulk major and trace element contents, all of which are of concern for regulations on biomass ash for further utilization. Furthermore, individual ash particles were investigated by scanning electron microscopy to characterize their physicochemical microstructures. Thermal behavior of wood-pellet ash, i.e. decomposition processes and mineral transformations during combustion, was indicated by thermogravimetric analysis and X-ray diffraction. Results reveal extensive variation of physicochemical features across the different ash types: wood-chip fly ash from electrostatic precipitators mainly consisted of water-soluble salts, whereas wood-chip fly ash from cyclones contained predominantly cenospheres (hollow spherical fly ash particles) and higher heavy metal concentrations. In addition, the fuel type and admixture had influences on ash compositions; some fuels like Miscanthus straw require a liming agent such as calcium hydroxide to be admixed to prevent fouling, which is then predominantly found in the ash. Furthermore, boiler size had an influence on fly ash composition. Cadmium concentrations were elevated in some fly ash samples at levels of concern for further utilization, whereas concentrations of troublesome Cr(VI) were below the detection limit for all investigated ash samples. Other contaminating elements such as Ni, Pb and Zn were variable but below limit values. Results clearly show that the nature of biomass ash calls for careful analyses prior to further application as, e.g., cement clinker replacement material.

PubMed ID: 32523161 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication

to Top