Title: Considerations for using isolated cell systems to understand cardiac metabolism and biology.
Authors: McNally, Lindsey A; Altamimi, Tariq R; Fulghum, Kyle; Hill, Bradford G
Published In J Mol Cell Cardiol, (2021 04)
Abstract: Changes in myocardial metabolic activity are fundamentally linked to cardiac health and remodeling. Primary cardiomyocytes, induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes, and transformed cardiomyocyte cell lines are common models used to understand how (patho)physiological conditions or stimuli contribute to changes in cardiac metabolism. These cell models are helpful also for defining metabolic mechanisms of cardiac dysfunction and remodeling. Although technical advances have improved our capacity to measure cardiomyocyte metabolism, there is often heterogeneity in metabolic assay protocols and cell models, which could hinder data interpretation and discernment of the mechanisms of cardiac (patho)physiology. In this review, we discuss considerations for integrating cardiomyocyte cell models with techniques that have become relatively common in the field, such as respirometry and extracellular flux analysis. Furthermore, we provide overviews of metabolic assays that complement XF analyses and that provide information on not only catabolic pathway activity, but biosynthetic pathway activity and redox status as well. Cultivating a more widespread understanding of the advantages and limitations of metabolic measurements in cardiomyocyte cell models will continue to be essential for the development of coherent metabolic mechanisms of cardiac health and pathophysiology.
PubMed ID: 33359038
MeSH Terms: Animals; Cell Physiological Phenomena*; Extracellular Matrix/metabolism*; Heart Diseases/metabolism; Heart Diseases/pathology*; Humans; Myocytes, Cardiac/metabolism*