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Title: Effect of Reducing Ambient Traffic-Related Air Pollution on Blood Pressure: A Randomized Crossover Trial.

Authors: Hudda, Neelakshi; Eliasziw, Misha; Hersey, Scott O; Reisner, Ellin; Brook, Robert D; Zamore, Wig; Durant, John L; Brugge, Doug

Published In Hypertension, (2021 03 03)

Abstract: Exposure to traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) may contribute to increased prevalence of hypertension and elevated blood pressure (BP) for residents of near-highway neighborhoods. Relatively few studies have investigated the effects of reducing TRAP exposure on short-term changes in BP. We assessed whether reducing indoor TRAP concentrations by using stand-alone high-efficiency particulate arrestance (HEPA) filters and limiting infiltration through doors and windows effectively prevented acute (ie, over a span of hours) increases in BP. Using a 3-period crossover design, 77 participants were randomized to attend three 2-hour-long exposure sessions separated by 1-week washout periods. Each participant was exposed to high, medium, and low TRAP concentrations in a room near an interstate highway. Particle number concentrations, black carbon concentrations, and temperature were monitored continuously. Systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP, and heart rate were measured every 10 minutes. Outcomes were analyzed with a linear mixed model. The primary outcome was the change in SBP from 20 minutes from the start of exposure. SBP increased with exposure duration, and the amount of increase was related to the magnitude of exposure. The mean change in SBP was 0.6 mm Hg for low exposure (mean particle number and black carbon concentrations, 2500 particles/cm3 and 149 ng/m3), 1.3 mm Hg for medium exposure (mean particle number and black carbon concentrations, 11 000 particles/cm3 and 409 ng/m3), and 2.8 mm Hg for high exposure (mean particle number and black carbon concentrations, 30 000 particles/cm3 and 826 ng/m3; linear trend P=0.019). There were no statistically significant differences in the secondary outcomes, diastolic BP, or heart rate. In conclusion, reducing indoor concentrations of TRAP was effective in preventing acute increases in SBP.

PubMed ID: 33486990 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Aged; Air Pollution/analysis*; Blood Pressure/physiology*; Cross-Over Studies; Environmental Exposure/adverse effects; Environmental Exposure/analysis*; Female; Heart Rate/physiology; Humans; Hypertension/etiology; Hypertension/physiopathology*; Linear Models; Male; Middle Aged; Outcome Assessment, Health Care/methods; Outcome Assessment, Health Care/statistics & numerical data; Particulate Matter/analysis*; Traffic-Related Pollution/analysis*

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