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Publication Detail

Title: Target-Mediated Drug Disposition-A Class Effect of Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase Inhibitors.

Authors: An, Guohua; Lee, Kin Sing Stephen; Yang, Jun; Hammock, Bruce D

Published In J Clin Pharmacol, (2021 04)

Abstract: Pharmacological target-mediated drug disposition (TMDD) represents a special source of nonlinear pharmacokinetics, and its occurrence in large-molecule compounds has been well recognized because numerous protein drugs have been reported to have TMDD due to specific binding to their pharmacological targets. Although TMDD can also happen in small-molecule compounds, it has been largely overlooked. In this mini-review, we summarize the occurrence of TMDD that we discovered recently in a series of small-molecule soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitors. Our journey started with an accidental discovery of target-mediated kinetics of 1-(1-propanoylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-[4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl]urea (TPPU), a potent sEH inhibitor, in a pilot clinical study. To confirm what we observed in humans, we conducted a series of mechanism experiments in animals, including pharmacokinetic experiments using sEH knockout mice as well as in vivo displacement experiments with co-administration of another potent sEH inhibitor. Our mechanism studies confirmed that the TMDD of TPPU is due to its pharmacological target sEH. We further expanded our evaluation to various other sEH inhibitors and found that TMDD is a class effect of this group of small-molecule sEH inhibitors. In addition to summarizing the occurrence of TMDD in sEH inhibitors, in this mini-review we also highlighted the importance of recognizing TMDD of small-molecule compounds and its impact in clinical development as well as using pharmacometric modeling in facilitating quantitative understanding of TMDD.

PubMed ID: 33078430 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Animals; Epoxide Hydrolases/antagonists & inhibitors*; Humans; Phenylurea Compounds/pharmacokinetics*; Piperidines/pharmacokinetics*

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