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Title: Maneb alters central carbon metabolism and thiol redox status in a toxicant model of Parkinson's disease.

Authors: Anderson, Colin C; Marentette, John O; Rauniyar, Abhishek K; Prutton, Kendra M; Khatri, Meera; Matheson, Chris; Reisz, Julie A; Reigan, Philip; D'Alessandro, Angelo; Roede, James R

Published In Free Radic Biol Med, (2021 01)

Abstract: The dithiocarbamate fungicide maneb (MB) has attracted interest due to increasing concern of the negative health effects of pesticides, as well as its association with Parkinson's disease (PD). Our laboratory has previously reported distinct phenotypic changes of neuroblastoma cells exposed to acute, sub-toxic levels of MB, including decreased mitochondrial respiration, altered lactate dynamics, and metabolic stress. In this study, we aimed to further define the specific molecular mechanisms of MB toxicity through the comparison of several thiol-containing compounds and their effects on cellular energy metabolism and thiol redox nodes. Extracellular flux analyses and stable isotope labeled tracer metabolomics were employed to evaluate alterations in energy metabolism of SK-N-AS human neuroblastoma cells after acute exposure of an array of compounds, including dithiocarbamates (maneb, nabam, zineb) and other thiol-containing small molecules (glutathione, N-acetylcysteine). These studies revealed MB and its methylated form (MeDTC) as unique toxicants with significant alterations to mitochondrial respiration, proliferation, and glycolysis. We observed MB to significantly impact cellular thiol redox status by oxidizing cellular glutathione and altering the thiol redox status of peroxiredoxin 3 (Prx3, mitochondrial) after acute exposure. Redox Western blotting revealed a MB-specific modification of cellular Prx3, strengthening the argument that MB can preferentially target mitochondrial enzymes containing reactive cysteine thiols. Further, stable isotope tracer metabolomics confirmed our energetics assessments, and demonstrated that MB exposure results in acute derangement of central carbon metabolism. Specifically, we observed shunting of cellular glucose into the pentose-phosphate pathway and reduction of TCA intermediates derived from glucose and glutamine. Also, we report novel lactate utilization for TCA enrichment and glutathione synthesis after MB exposure. In summary, our results further confirm that MB exerts its toxic effects via thiol modification, and significantly transforms central carbon metabolism.

PubMed ID: 33279619 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication

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