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Publication Detail

Title: Magnetic resonance spectroscopy brain metabolites at term and 3-year neurodevelopmental outcomes in very preterm infants.

Authors: Illapani, Venkata Sita Priyanka; Edmondson, David A; Cecil, Kim M; Altaye, Mekibib; Kumar, Manoj; Harpster, Karen; Parikh, Nehal A

Published In Pediatr Res, (2022 Jul)

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Noninvasive advanced neuroimaging and neurochemical assessment can identify subtle abnormalities and predict neurodevelopmental impairments. Our objective was to quantify white matter metabolite levels and evaluate their relationship with neurodevelopmental outcomes at age 3 years. METHODS: Our study evaluated a longitudinal prospective cohort of very premature infants (<32 weeks gestational age) with single-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy from the centrum semiovale performed at term-equivalent age and standardized cognitive, verbal, and motor assessments at 3 years corrected age. We separately examined metabolite ratios in the left and right centrum semiovale. We also conducted an exploratory interaction analysis for high/low socioeconomic status (SES) to evaluate the relationship between metabolites and neurodevelopmental outcomes, after adjusting for confounders. RESULTS: We found significant relationships between choline/creatine levels in the left and right centrum semiovale and motor development scores. Exploratory interaction analyses revealed that, for infants with low SES, there was a negative association between choline/creatine in the left centrum semiovale and motor assessment scores at age 3 years. CONCLUSIONS: Brain metabolites from the centrum semiovale at term-equivalent age were associated with motor outcomes for very preterm infants at 3 years corrected age. This effect may be most pronounced for infants with low SES. IMPACT: Motor development at 3 years corrected age for very preterm infants is inversely associated with choline neurochemistry within the centrum semiovale on magnetic resonance spectroscopy at term-equivalent age, especially in infants with low socioeconomic status. No prior studies have studied metabolites in the centrum semiovale to predict neurodevelopmental outcomes at 3 years corrected age based on high/low socioeconomic status. For very preterm infants with lower socioeconomic status, higher choline-to-creatine ratio in central white matter is associated with worse neurodevelopmental outcomes.

PubMed ID: 33654289 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Brain; Child, Preschool; Choline; Creatine*/metabolism; Female; Fetal Growth Retardation/metabolism; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Infant, Premature; Infant, Premature, Diseases*/pathology; Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy; Prospective Studies

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