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Title: A modified parachute assay for assessment of gap junction intercellular communication in placental trophoblast cells.

Authors: Gingrich, Jeremy; Pu, Yong; Veiga-Lopez, Almudena

Published In Toxicol Mech Methods, (2021 Jun)

Abstract: Gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) is a necessary process for placental development. GJIC can be assessed with a parachute assay, where fluorescent dye-loaded donor cells are 'parachuted' onto acceptor cells and dye diffuses to adjacent cells with active GJIC. During co-culture, donor cells can attach, but the assay does not allow their distinction from acceptor cells, which presents as a major limitation. We have developed a modified parachute assay that permits distinction between donor and acceptor cells, using the extravillous trophoblast cell line HTR-8/SVneo and a lentiviral transduction technique. Using PKA activator CW008 as a positive control and 12-o-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate as a negative control, this modified parachute assay reliably detects both enhanced and attenuated GJIC. Importantly, the ease and accuracy of quantification over currently available methods makes this modified assay optimal for automation and represents a useful tool for in vitro placental toxicological testing.

PubMed ID: 33784946 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: No MeSH terms associated with this publication

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