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Title: The xenobiotic receptors PXR and CAR in liver physiology, an update.

Authors: Cai, Xinran; Young, Gregory M; Xie, Wen

Published In Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis, (2021 06 01)

Abstract: Pregnane X receptor (PXR) and constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) are two nuclear receptors that are well-known for their roles in xenobiotic detoxification by regulating the expression of drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters. In addition to metabolizing drugs and other xenobiotics, the same enzymes and transporters are also responsible for the production and elimination of numerous endogenous chemicals, or endobiotics. Moreover, both PXR and CAR are highly expressed in the liver. As such, it is conceivable that PXR and CAR have major potentials to affect the pathophysiology of the liver by regulating the homeostasis of endobiotics. In recent years, the physiological functions of PXR and CAR in the liver have been extensively studied. Emerging evidence has suggested the roles of PXR and CAR in energy metabolism, bile acid homeostasis, cell proliferation, to name a few. This review summarizes the recent progress in our understanding of the roles of PXR and CAR in liver physiology.

PubMed ID: 33600998 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Animals; Constitutive Androstane Receptor; Humans; Inactivation, Metabolic; Liver Diseases/physiopathology*; Pregnane X Receptor/metabolism*; Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/metabolism*; Xenobiotics/metabolism*

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