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Publication Detail

Title: Neonatal IL-4 exposure decreases adipogenesis of male rats into adulthood.

Authors: Ying, Tammy; Golden, Thea; Cheng, Lan; Ishibashi, Jeff; Seale, Patrick; Simmons, Rebecca A

Published In Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab, (2021 06 01)

Abstract: The cytokine interleukin 4 (IL-4) can increase beige adipogenesis in adult rodents. However, neonatal animals use a distinct adipocyte precursor compartment for adipogenesis as compared with adults. In this study, we address whether IL-4 can induce persistent effects on adipose tissue when administered subcutaneously in the interscapular region during the neonatal period in Sprague-Dawley rats. We injected IL-4 into neonatal male rats during postnatal days 1-6, followed by analysis of adipose tissue and adipocyte precursors at 2 wk and 10 wk of age. Adipocyte precursors were cultured and subjected to differentiation in vitro. We found that a short and transient IL-4 exposure in neonates upregulated uncoupling protein 1 (Ucp1) mRNA expression and decreased fat cell size in subcutaneous white adipose tissue (WAT). Adipocyte precursors from mature rats that had been treated with IL-4 as neonates displayed a decrease in adiponectin (Adipoq) but no change in Ucp1 expression, as compared with controls. Thus, neonatal IL-4 induces acute beige adipogenesis and decreases adipogenic differentiation capacity long term. Overall, these findings indicate that the neonatal period is critical for adipocyte development and may influence the later onset of obesity.NEW & NOTEWORTHY We used neonatal injections in rat to show that IL-4 decreases adipogenesis and increases browning of white fat. In adulthood, adipocyte precursors show persistently decreased adipogenesis but not increased browning. These studies in the neonate are the first, to our knowledge, to show that IL-4 can have long-lasting effects.

PubMed ID: 33870712 Exiting the NIEHS site

MeSH Terms: Adipocytes/drug effects; Adipocytes/physiology; Adipogenesis/drug effects*; Adipose Tissue, White/drug effects; Adipose Tissue, White/metabolism; Adipose Tissue, White/pathology; Aging/drug effects; Aging/metabolism*; Animals; Animals, Newborn; Cell Differentiation/drug effects; Cell Proliferation/drug effects; Cells, Cultured; Female; Interleukin-4/pharmacology*; Male; Pregnancy; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Time Factors

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